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Development of Organic-Based Thin Film Magnets for Spintronics  PDF

Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary
Elin Carlegrim
Publication Year
<p>In the growing field of spintronics, development of semiconducting magnets is a high priority. Organic-based molecular magnets are attractive candidates since their properties can be tailor-made by organic chemistry. Other advantages include low weight and low temperature processing. Vanadium tetracyanoethylene, V(TCNE)x, x~2, is particularly interesting since it is one of very few semiconducting magnets with magnetic ordering above room temperature.</p><p>The aim of the research presented in this thesis was to prepare and characterize thin film organic-based magnets with focus on V(TCNE)<sub>x</sub>. Photoelectron and absorption spectroscopy studies were performed leading to a more complete picture of the electronic and chemical structure of the material. Depending on the preparation method of V(TCNE)<sub>x</sub>, the material contains varying amounts of disorder which among other things makes it very air sensitive. In this thesis, a new preparation method for organic-based magnets based on physical vapor deposition is presented and the first result shows that it generates less air sensitive V(TCNE)<sub>x</sub> than previous methods reported. A new spin valve design based on V(TCNE)<sub>x</sub> was proposed where the material delivers both spin-filtering and spin-transporting functionality, making use of its fully spin-polarized transport levels. In such devices, the interface of V(TCNE)<sub>x </sub>with ferromagnetic metals is of great importance and was hence studied. As vanadium ions always are very reactive towards oxygen, substituting vanadium by a less reactive ion would be desirable from both an interface engineering and device packaging perspective. Very few alternatives exist however that orders magnetically above room temperature. In order to find out what are the key design criteria for preparing thin film semiconducting room temperature magnets, we have begun to study systems which order magnetically much below room temperature and compared them with V(TCNE)<sub>x</sub>.</p>