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On the origin of the open-circuit voltage of polymer-fullerene solar cells
Article in journal
Koen Vandewal, Kristofer Tvingstedt, Abay Gadisa, Olle Inganäs, Jean V Manca
Publication Year
NATURE MATERIALS, 2009, (8)11, 904-909
Link to Source (DOI)
<p>The increasing amount of research on solution-processable, organic donor-acceptor bulk heterojunction photovoltaic systems, based on blends of conjugated polymers and fullerenes has resulted in devices with an overall power-conversion efficiency of 6%. For the best devices, absorbed photon-to-electron quantum efficiencies approaching 100% have been shown. Besides the produced current, the overall efficiency depends critically on the generated photovoltage. Therefore, understanding and optimization of the open-circuit voltage (V-oc) of organic solar cells is of high importance. Here, we demonstrate that charge-transfer absorption and emission are shown to be related to each other and V-oc in accordance with the assumptions of the detailed balance and quasi-equilibrium theory. We underline the importance of the weak ground-state interaction between the polymer and the fullerene and we confirm that V-oc is determined by the formation of these states. Our work further suggests alternative pathways to improve V-oc of donor-acceptor devices.</p>