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Title
UV-patterned poly(ethylene glycol) matrix for microarray applications
Article in journal
Authors
Andréas Larsson (Kaiser), Chun-Xia Du, Bo Liedberg
Publication Year
2007
Source
Biomacromolecules, 2007, (8)11, 3511-3518
Link to Source (DOI)
10.1021/bm700707s
Abstract
<p>A versatile method to fabricate polymeric matrixes for microarray applications is demonstrated. Several different design strategies are presented where a variety of organic films, such as plastic polymers and self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on planar silica and gold substrates, act as supports for the graft polymerization procedure. An ensemble of poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate monomers are combined to obtain a matrix with desired properties:  low nonspecific binding and easily accessible groups for postimmobilization of ligands. The free radical graft polymerization process occurs under irradiation with UV light in the 254−266 nm range, which offers the possibility to introduce patterns by means of a photomask. The arrays are created on inert and homogeneous coatings prepared either by graft polymerization of a methoxy-terminated PEG−methacrylate or self-assembly of a methoxy-terminated oligo(ethylene glycol) thiol. Carboxylic acid groups, introduced in the array spots either during graft polymerization or upon wet chemical conversion of hydroxyls, grant the capability to immobilize proteins and other molecules via free amine groups. Immobilization of fluorescent species as well as biotin followed by exposure to a fluorescently labeled antibody directed toward biotin display both excellent integrity of the spots and low nonspecific binding to the surrounding framework. Beside patterns of uniform height and size, an array of spots with varying thickness (a sort of gradient) is demonstrated. Such gradient samples enable us to address critical issues regarding the mechanism(s) behind spatially resolved free radical polymerization of methacrylates. It also offers a convenient route to optimize the matrix properties with respect to thickness, loading capacity, protein diffusion/penetration, and nonspecific binding.</p>