Instructions for Authors

The instructions below are also available as a PDF-file for download.

Manuscripts that do not comply with our Instructions for authors will not be processed

Preparation of the Manuscript

  • Manuscripts should be submitted electronically to as an attached file in Word or rtf format, with a covering email giving full contact details and position(s) held by the author(s). When there is more than one author, the contact author should be clearly specified in the covering email.
  • Submission of a manuscript to the journal is taken to imply that the manuscript has not previously been published, and is not considered for publication elsewhere. The ownership of material published in IJAL remains with the author(s).
  • Manuscripts should generally contain between 4,000 and 10,000 words, including references and footnotes, 1,000–3,000 words for reviews, comments and debates, and about 1,000 words for book reviews.
  • Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.
  • Only manuscripts written in proper English can be considered for publication. British or American English is accepted as long as consistency is observed. Bear in mind the multidisciplinary and international readership of the journal. Use a clear readable style, avoiding jargon. If technical terms or acronyms are included, define them when first used.
  • Manuscripts should be anonymised, ready to be sent to referees.
  • All research articles that fit the aim and scope of IJAL undergo a double blind peer review process with (at least) two reviewers. The average time span between article submission and publication is 15 weeks, but may differ significantly depending on the outcome of the review process.
  • Manuscripts may either be accepted, accepted with minor revisions, invited to be revised and resubmitted or rejected.

Organisation of Manuscripts

  • The manuscript should include an Abstract of 150 words or less.
  • In order to facilitate the search of our articles in established database engines, we recommend our authors to use keywords that are in tune with those often used in social scientific databases such as Social Science Citation Index and Sociological Abstracts.
  • Acknowledgements and information regarding previous symposium presentation of the work should appear in a separate section titled “Acknowledgements”, placed between the main text and references.
  • Keep footnotes to a minimum. In the published article, they are placed at the bottom of the page (not at the end of the text).
  • The manuscript should be written in this order: Title page, Abstract, Keywords, Main text, Acknowledgements, References. In the published article footnotes are placed on each page.
  • The Main text should be double spaced and written in font size point 12. First level headers should be written in bold, second level headers in italics.
  • Tables and figures should be designed to fit into a page 150x222.3 mm (15x22.3 cm), and attached in a separate document, with their approximate location indicated in the Main text.
  • References: Identify all references at the appropriate point in the text by the author/date system, such as [(Gubrium 1975); …as stated by Gubrium (1975)], and list the references at the end of the manuscript in alphabetical order.
  • Given the international readership it is helpful if authors translate non-English titles of references within brackets […].


  • All references must be closely checked to determine that dates and spelling are correct and consistent.

Citations in text

  • Citations in the text should be in the format: author(s) and year of publication, e.g.: (Stevens 2002).
  • Use “&” between two authors’ names in parentheses, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000), but “and” outside parenthesis in the text, e.g. “As stated by Gilleard and Higgs (2000), …”.
  • For works with three authors, name all authors when the reference is first used (Reynolds, Farrow & Blank 2012), and use et al. for subsequent references to the same work (Reynolds et al. 2012). For works with four or more authors, always use only the first author name and et al. in the text.
  • Arrange the literature references alphabetically, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000; Knipscheer et al. 2000).

Reference list

  • Please note that the names of all authors should be given in the list of References, and et al. used only in the text.
  • Always state the full page numbers in the Reference section. This applies not only to articles but also to chapters in books.
  • When referring to an Internet site please include the date on which you downloaded the material in parentheses. See the example below under the headline Internet.

Articles in a journal

  • Journals should have their full names (no abbreviations).
  • Journal names should be in italics.

Knipscheer, C. P. M., Broese van Groenou, M. I., Leene, G. J. F., Beekman, A. T. F. & Deeg, D. J. H. (2000). The effects of environmental context and personal resources on depressive symptomatology in older age: A test of the Lawton model. Ageing & Society 20(2): 183–202.

Reynolds, F., Farrow, A. & Blank, A. (2012). “Otherwise it would be nothing but cruises”: exploring the subjective benefits of working beyond 65. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life 7(1): 79-106.

Stevens, N. (2002). Re-engaging: New partnerships in late-life widowhood. Ageing International 27(4): 27–42.

Article in a newspaper

Greene, K. (2002). Florida frets it doesn't have enough elderly. The Wall Street Journal, 15 October.


Gilleard, C. & Higgs, P. (2000). Cultures of Ageing. London: Prentice Hall.

Andersson, L. (ed.) (2002). Cultural Gerontology. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Chappell, N., Gee, E., McDonald L. & Stones, M. (2003). Aging in Contemporary Canada. Toronto: Prentice Hall.


Krampe, R. T., Rapp, M. A., Bondar, A. & Baltes, P.B. (2003). Selektion, Optimierung und Kompensation in Doppelaufgaben [Selection, opti-mization and compensation in dual tasks]. Nervenarzt 74(3): 211-218.

Lo-Johansson, I. (1949). Ålderdom [Old Age]. Stockholm: KF:s Bokförlag.

Chapter in a book

Antonucci, T. C. (2001). Social relations: An examination of social networks, social support, and sense of control. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (5th ed., pp. 427–453). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Kohli, M. (1990). Das Alter als Herausforderung an die Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit [Old age as a challenge for the theory of social inequality]. In P. A. Berger & S. Hradil (eds.) Lebenslagen, Lebensläufe, Lebensstile. Soziale Welt [Life Situations, Life Courses, Lifestyles. Social World] (pp. 387-408). Göttingen: Schwartz.


ONS (Office for National Statistics). (2003). Population Trends 112. London: The Stationery Office.

Velkoff, V. & Kinsella, K. (1993). Aging in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Washington, DC: Bureau of Census, Center for International Research. Report No. 93/1.


Liedberg, G. (2004). Women with Fibromyalgia. Employment and Daily Life. Available on (Accessed: May 21, 2008).

United Nations (2005). (Accessed: June 01, 2005).


Acknowledgements and grant numbers should be placed at the end after the main text, before the references.

Tables and figures


  • Each table should be mentioned in the text and its place indicated in the text.
  • The tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers, followed by a title (at the end no period), for example:
    Table 1. Characteristics of focus group participants, 1990–1995 (n = 39)
  • Each table should start on a new page.
  • All tables should have a short self-explanatory title.
  • Titles for tables should be placed above the table.
  • Horizontal rules should be indicated; vertical rules are not used.
  • Table-footnotes should be marked with an asterisk (*).
  • Each table should be typed on a separate page. Add the page at the end of the article.
  • Tables may be edited by the publisher to permit more compact typesetting.


  • Each figure should be mentioned in the text and its place indicated in the text.
  • The figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers.
  • Each figure should be placed on a separate page.
  • All figures should have a short self-explanatory title.
  • Titles for figures should be placed below the figure.
  • Line drawings should be in a form suitable for reproduction without modification.
  • Extremely small type should be avoided as figures are often reduced in size. Maximum width (after reduction) 110 mm.
  • Photographs and figures may be supplied in colour, separately in tif-format and in high contrast glossy prints (300 dpi).
  • All the figure-legends should be listed on one sheet. Avoid double phrasing in figure and figure legend.