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Authors:Iulia Pohrib: Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France
Publication title:Tradition and Ethnographic Display: Defining the National Specificity at the National Art Museum in Romania (1906–1937)
Conference:Great Narratives of the Past Traditions and Revisions in National Museums: Conference Proceedings from EuNaMus, European National Museums: Identity Politics, the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen, Paris 28 June – 1 July & 25–26 November 2011
Publication type: Abstract and Fulltext
Issue:078
Article No.:020
Abstract:After a long period of debates and several unfinished projects, the National Museum of Romania was founded in 1906. Under the direction of Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcas (1872–1952), the newly created institution aimed at being the expression of the Romanian civilization and a depository of local traditions. It was also intended to be a documentary basis for study and research about Romanian art and culture. This paper aims at analysing first the strategies deployed by its director for the construction of a patrimonial collection, then the way it has become more visible through the selection of the objects, the structure of permanent display and the museographic practices. The project for the Muzeul National developed a complex narrative that mixed antiquities as well as religious, folk and modern art in order to define a national specificity and to support the idea of unity and continuity of the Romanian culture, from prehistorical times to the present. Despite its consequent historicism, Tzigara-Samurcas’ museographic conception nevertheless granted a central role to ethnography in a time when folk art unanimously appeared as an authentic production, the very expression of the ‘Romanian spirit’ and the main source of a new regenerated contemporary art. We intend to explore the relationship between the patrimonial practices developed at the National Museum in Romania and the dynamic and multifaceted concept of ‘specificity’. Finally, we will pay attention to the National Museum exhibitions that took place in Paris during the inter-war period as the promotion of an identity profile that revisited national stereotypes, myths of origin and local authenticity. By considering several critical texts, exhibition catalogues and diverse acquisitions, we will try to understand how the foreign audience pictured Romanian ‘national art’ during this period.
Language:English
Year:2012
No. of pages:20
Pages:317-329
Series:Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):1650-3686
ISSN (online):1650-3740
File:http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp/078/020/ecp12078020.pdf
Available:2012-10-30
Publisher:Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköpings universitet

REFERENCE TO THIS PAGE
Iulia Pohrib (2012). Tradition and Ethnographic Display: Defining the National Specificity at the National Art Museum in Romania (1906–1937), Great Narratives of the Past Traditions and Revisions in National Museums: Conference Proceedings from EuNaMus, European National Museums: Identity Politics, the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen, Paris 28 June – 1 July & 25–26 November 2011 http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp_article/index.en.aspx?issue=078;article=020 (accessed 9/2/2014)