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Authors:Marja-Ilona Koski: Science Education and Communication (SEC), Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands
Marc de Vries: Science Education and Communication (SEC), Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands
Publication title:Primary pupils’ thoughts about systems. An exploratory study
Conference:PATT 26 Conference; Technology Education in the 21st Century; Stockholm; Sweden; 26-30 June; 2012
Publication type: Abstract and Fulltext
Issue:073
Article No.:030
Abstract:This paper presents a study into systems thinking among 27 primary school pupils; 8-to10-yearolds; and their teacher. The study includes; pre-test to the teacher and a group of pupils; lesson planning; the actual lesson and post-test to the pupils. The focus is on three concepts: do the pupils see a system as a structure consisting from main- and subparts; what are the inputs and output that they reason to be important for a system; and can they put boundaries to a system. Analysis revealed that the pupils showed some indications of machines consisting from parts with different functions; or that a sequence of steps is needed to complete a process. Systems; however; are mainly described in terms of what the user can experience; instead of what the machine itself does. The concept of input was more obvious to the pupils than the output. The impression of what a systems does; and what a user does; seemed to overlap; and this made setting the boundaries to a system more demanding. Nevertheless; by including basic principles of systems thinking; the teacher was able to introduce alternatives to approach the problems. Even though; the systems thinking was rather limited in larger sense; the pupils were able to reach beyond fair descriptions; and they used new practices to explain and label artefacts.
Language:English
Keywords:Primary pupils; systems thinking; qualitative study; main- and subparts; input and output; system boundaries
Year:2012
No. of pages:9
Pages:253-261
ISBN:978-91-7519-849-1
Series:Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):1650-3686
ISSN (online):1650-3740
File:http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp/073/030/ecp12073030.pdf
Available:2012-06-18
Publisher:Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet

REFERENCE TO THIS PAGE
Marja-Ilona Koski, Marc de Vries (2012). Primary pupils’ thoughts about systems. An exploratory study, PATT 26 Conference; Technology Education in the 21st Century; Stockholm; Sweden; 26-30 June; 2012 http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp_article/index.en.aspx?issue=073;article=030 (accessed 11/28/2014)