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|Authors:||Isabelle Flour: Universitå Paris 1 Panthåon Sorbonne, Department of Art History, France|
|Publication title:||National Museums of Architecture: The Creation and Re-Creation of a New Model of National Museum in the 19th Century; London and Paris|
|Conference:||Comparing: National Museums; Territories; Nation-Building and Change. NaMu IV; Linköping University; Norrköping; Sweden 18-20 February 2008|
|Publication type:||Abstract and Fulltext|
|Abstract:||This paper discusses the worldwide rise of national museums of architecture in the shape of architectural casts museums in the second half of the nineteenth century; through case studies chosen in Britain (the Architectural Courts at the South Kensington Museum) and in France (the Museum of Comparative Sculpture).|
The two national museums were born from emulation either with independent societies or from competition between the two nations as regards the creation of museums. Cross-Channel exchanges of ideas therefore helped define different modalities of the national museum of architecture.
The study cases show that different missions were endorsed by the various museums; ranging from educational to envisioning the notion of heritage and the history of art; and the prioritization of any one mission was the result of native disciplinary context; depending on whether the collection was part of a museum of a broader scope or constituted in itself a museum in its own right.
The acquisition policies of the two museums also allow analyzing the representation of national identities on both shores of the Channel; and re-evaluate the usual distinction made between British imperialism and French nationalism to define two tendencies: an imperialistic universalism in Britain and an expansionist nationalism in France.
|No. of pages:||15|
|Series:||Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings|
|Publisher:||Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet|
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