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Authors:Ellinoor Bergvelt: Department History of European Culture, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication title:Are National Museums of Protestant Nations Different?: The process of modernizing 19th-century national art museums in the Netherlands and in Great Britain 1800–1855
Conference:NaMu, Making National Museums Program, Setting the Frames, 26–28 February, Norrköping, Sweden
Publication type: Abstract and Fulltext
Issue:022
Article No.:004
Abstract:I Although 19th-century national museums are supposed to be part of identity politics of the European nation-states, this was not the case in the Netherlands and Great Britain, at least not in the early part of the 19th century. Surprisingly, William I, the first king of the House of Orange-Nassau (1815-1840), never used art museums as part of his politics to unify his nation (consisting of the Northern and Southern Netherlands, nowadays the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg): there existed municipal art museums in Antwerp and Brussels, and two (!), national art museums in the Northern part of the country, i.e. ‘s Rijks Museum (= National Museum, Amsterdam) and the Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen (= Royal Cabinet of Paintings, The Hague), also known as the Mauritshuis. No “master narrative” was told, nor had one location been chosen to do so. Also in Great Britain the possibilities of a national art gallery were not fully used. It was only after the reorganization of the National Gallery in 1855 that a clear policy was formulated. Protestantism might be one of the explanations for the “backwardness” of the British and Dutch art museums, compared to those in other countries.
Language:English
Year:2007
No. of pages:20
Pages:29–48
Series:Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):1650-3686
ISSN (online):1650-3740
File:http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp/022/004/ecp072204.pdf
Available:2007-09-19
Publisher:Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköpings universitet

REFERENCE TO THIS PAGE
Ellinoor Bergvelt (2007). Are National Museums of Protestant Nations Different?: The process of modernizing 19th-century national art museums in the Netherlands and in Great Britain 1800–1855, NaMu, Making National Museums Program, Setting the Frames, 26–28 February, Norrköping, Sweden http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp_article/index.en.aspx?issue=022;article=004 (accessed 4/19/2014)