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|Authors:||L. Gustavsson: MTM Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden|
|Publication title:||Change of toxicity during seondary treatment of industrial sludge containing nitroaromatics|
|Conference:||The Swedish Section for Detonics and Combustion; Fourth International Disposal Conference|
|Abstract:||Those operating Sweden’s wastewater treatment plants are facing a great challenge due to the prohibition on landfilling organic waste from January 2005. Biological; commercially available alternatives for disposal are composting and anaerobic digestion. Additionally; a growing technique for wastewater and sludge treatment is the use of constructed wetlands.|
We have looked at the sludge from a wastewater treatment plant receiving wastewater from industries manufacturing pharmaceutical substances; chemical intermediates and explosives. The wastewater and sludge contained high concentrations of nitro-aromatic compounds and amino-aromatic compounds and several studies have reported the alteration of nitroaromatics to more potent cytotoxic and genotoxic compounds after degradation.
The aim of this study was to follow the change in toxicity (both general and mechanism-specific) of three different sludge treatment methods: aerobic composting; anaerobic digestion and constructed wetland. We used DR-Calux assay to detect the persistent lipophilic compounds causing dioxin-like activity; the umu-C assay to detect genotoxicity and the fish egg assay to detect embryotoxicty.
The results showed that anaerobic treatment is the least suitable for these sludges; showing high induction in all toxicity tests compared to the aerobic treatment. The anaerobic treatment also transformed the nitroaromatic compounds to more lipophilic and persistent forms.
The constructed wetland left a non-toxic effluent and a bed material with lower toxicity than expected considering the concentrations and loading period.
|No. of pages:||1|
|Series:||Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings|
|Publisher:||Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet|
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