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Authors:R. Folchi: NITREX, Italy
L. Ferraglio: NITREX, Italy
M. Battocchio: NITREX, Italy
Publication title:Modification of the approach to hazard assessment for energetic materials after 5 years of practice of the EU directive 96/82/CE “Seveso II”
Conference:The Swedish Section for Detonics and Combustion; Fourth International Disposal Conference
Publication type: Abstract
Issue:018
Article No.:022
Abstract:The European Directive 96/82/EC; “Seveso II”; required companies to quantify the impact caused by a major accident. However; due to new knowledge about dangerous substances and because of severe accidents involving dangerous products (Baia Mare; Romania and Donana; Estonia); it was felt necessary to improve the Seveso II legislation.

Through the Directive; 2003/105/EC; more detailed plans were introduced as well as information needed to assess the potential damage caused by major accidents involving explosives. In fact; the new directive proposes a drastic reduction of the quantities of dangerous substances allowed; new and more detailed information both on the structure and on the surrounding areas and more specific and focused controls by competent authorities.

In this article; algorithms and procedures are given to asses danger; risk and total impact after 5 years of practice and confrontation with fire departments and local environmental authorities. The procedure is presented through the following categories:

  1. Environmental analysis
  2. Human resources
  3. Dangerous products (both present in the structure or originated by the transformation/modification of the dangerous substances)
  4. Activities; infrastructures; plants and instruments
  5. Safety and security
  6. Consequences of the accident (overpressure waves; primary fragmentation; seismic waves; dangerous gasses; thermal radiations; iso-damage areas)
  7. Environmental damage (combustion; explosion; dispersion)
  8. Analysis of the surrounding environment
  9. Territorial compatibility of the deposit
  10. Precaution to prevent accidents (both on a project and organisation level)
  11. Critical situations; emergencies
  12. Containment systems
  13. Insurance

Furthermore; practical cases are discussed.

Language:English
Year:2006
No. of pages:1
Series:Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):1650-3686
ISSN (online):1650-3740
File:http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp/018/022/ecp061822.pdf
Available:2007-03-13
Publisher:Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet

REFERENCE TO THIS PAGE
R. Folchi, L. Ferraglio, M. Battocchio (2006). Modification of the approach to hazard assessment for energetic materials after 5 years of practice of the EU directive 96/82/CE “Seveso II”, The Swedish Section for Detonics and Combustion; Fourth International Disposal Conference http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp_article/index.en.aspx?issue=018;article=022 (accessed 10/22/2014)