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Authors:Erik Dahlquist: Mälardalen University, Sweden
Emma Nehrenheim: Mälardalen University, Sweden
Publication title:Environmental and Economic Aspects on Reuse of Explosives
Conference:Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003
Publication type: Abstract
Article No.:004
Abstract:When munitions such as air-bombs and sea-mines are subjected to a disposal process focused on "Resources; Recovery; and Recycling" (R 3); almost all of the explosive is melted and removed from the casing prior to further handling. The casing scraps with the remains of the explosives need; however; to be de-contaminated before the metal can be recovered in a recycling process.

Decontamination; i.e.; the cleaning of the emptied casings; is done by means of a burn-out process. In this study; heating the ammunition casings in an open wood fire is compared with heating the casings under controlled conditions in an oven equipped for after-burning of the fumes from the pyrolized explosives. The burned-out casings are sent for re-smelting without further treatment.

An alternative is to cool the casings cryogenically to about -100 °C and crush them before putting the material into the fire or charging it into the oven. The fragmentation method is less risky and; at the same time; the burned-out scrap becomes easier to handle. There may also be a possibility to remove the tars and residual explosive mechanically after cooling; why burning may not be needed.

Our calculations show that the crushing of cooled casings followed by heating in simple wood fires is slightly more economical for a disposal company than using an oven for the burn-out process. However; in a wider perspective; heating in open-air fires costs society twice as much as heating in ovens due to the fact that the resulting air pollution reduces the production of crops and increases corrosion of; e.g.; cars. If we can use the cryogenic method without having to heat-treat afterwards this will be the by far most economical way.

No. of pages:1
Series:Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):1650-3686
ISSN (online):1650-3740
Publisher:Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet

Erik Dahlquist, Emma Nehrenheim (2003). Environmental and Economic Aspects on Reuse of Explosives, Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003;article=004 (accessed 2/15/2016)