|Abstract:||There are big differences between Sweden-Swedish and Finland-Swedish on both the segmental and the suprasegmental level. Concerning vowel pronunciation the biggest differences are (i) the slight qualitative difference between the long and the short allophone of the same phoneme in Finland-Swedish, (ii) the non-peripheral character of Finland-Swedish pronunciation concerning high front and back vowels and (iii) the big durational difference between the long and short vowels in Finland-Swedish. Also, the pronunciation of most of the consonants is more or less different between these two varieties. But even though the segmental differences between Finland-Swedish and Sweden-Swedish are clearly audible the main and for the listener most obvious difference is in the prosodic character of these dialects. In Sweden-Swedish stress groups tend to be longer than in Finland-Swedish, in other words the number of stressed syllables is normally higher in Finland-Swedish than in Sweden-Swedish given the same utterance. The acoustical parameters of stress are also different: in Sweden-Swedish fundamental frequency and duration, in this order, are the main parameters of stress, while in Finland-Swedish duration is not correlated with stress in the same manner because even an unstressed syllable can be acoustically long.|
The purpose of this paper is to present the main differences between Finland-Swedish and Sweden-Swedish. The following topics are discussed: the prosody of short stretches of speech, phrase prosody, prosody in morphologically complex words, vowel pronunciation and consonant pronunciation.