Article | Proceedings of the 2nd Japanese Modelica Conference, Tokyo, Japan, May 17-18, 2018 | Development of a Flex-PLI System Model and Investigations of Injury Linköping University Electronic Press Conference Proceedings
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Title:
Development of a Flex-PLI System Model and Investigations of Injury
Author:
Yong-Ha Han: Hyundai Motor Company, Korea In-Hyeok Lee: ESI Korea, Korea Whe-Ro Lee: ESI Korea, Korea
DOI:
10.3384/ecp1814853
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2018
Conference:
Proceedings of the 2nd Japanese Modelica Conference, Tokyo, Japan, May 17-18, 2018
Issue:
148
Article no.:
007
Pages:
53-60
No. of pages:
8
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2019-02-21
ISBN:
978-91-7685-266-8
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköpings universitet


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Pedestrian accidents give direct damage to the human body. Pedestrians do not have any safety devices and it results in a significant risk of injury to the pedestrians as compared to other accidents (Carroll, 2014). To protect pedestrians, EURO NCAP, JNCAP, and various pedestrian safety laws are enforced. Korea also imposes KNCAP and related laws. Assessment of pedestrian injuries is performed throughout impact tests using the head, upper leg, and lower leg impactor. (Yong, 2006) Pedestrian injury simulation is normally performed using the Finite element method at the early design stage to reduce a cost and research period. FE simulation requires detail design data, high-performance equipment and long computation time. FE simulation gives detail results how each part is deformed, how much energy is absorbed and how much injury values are resulted in. But on the other hand, it requires well-designed simulation matrix and many simulations to find contributions to the injury values of various design parameters at the initial design stage. The system model simulation allows more intuitive parametric studies than the existing detailed FE studies. The computation is much faster than the FE simulation, results are obtained results within in a few seconds and contributions of various parameters are directly get throughout simple parametric simulations. In this study, the impactor and vehicle system model is developed for the lower leg injury risk assessment. The system model of lower leg impactor, Flex-PLI is developed by comparing to its FE model and system model parameters are calibrated against several static and dynamic certification tests of FLEX-PLI. The vehicle is modeled to equivalent mass-spring-damper systems and its parameters are obtained from existing FE simulation results. And finally developed system model is verified against FE simulation results.

Keywords: Pedestrian injury protection, Flex-PLI, System Model

Proceedings of the 2nd Japanese Modelica Conference, Tokyo, Japan, May 17-18, 2018

Author:
Yong-Ha Han, In-Hyeok Lee, Whe-Ro Lee
Title:
Development of a Flex-PLI System Model and Investigations of Injury
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp1814853
References:

HUMANETICS. Flex PLI GTR User Manual, 2011

ESI GROUP. FLEX PLI GTR FE Model Users Manual, ESI GROUP. ITI SimulationX User Manual 3.8

J A Carroll, A Barrow, B J Hardy, B Robinson, Transport Research Laboratory, Pedestrian legform test area assessment report, 2014

Ann Mallory, Jason A. Stammen, France Legault, 19th International technical conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles. Component leg testing of vehicle front structures, 05.0194, 2005

Boo-Joong Yong, Hyun-Deog Cho, Jae-Wan Lee, Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers. Development of vehicle evaluation system for pedestrian protection, Vol. 5 No. 4, pp.53~58, 2006

Proceedings of the 2nd Japanese Modelica Conference, Tokyo, Japan, May 17-18, 2018

Author:
Yong-Ha Han, In-Hyeok Lee, Whe-Ro Lee
Title:
Development of a Flex-PLI System Model and Investigations of Injury
DOI:
https://doi.org10.3384/ecp1814853
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