Proceedings of the 4th European and 7th Nordic Symposium on Multimodal Communication (MMSYM 2016), Copenhagen, 29-30 September 2016
Michael Argyle and Mark Cook. 1976. Gaze and Mutual Gaze. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Geoffrey W. Beattie. 1983. Talk: An Analysis of Speech and Non-verbal Behaviour in Conversation. Open Uni-versity Press, Milton Keynes, UK.
Susan E. Brennan and Maurice Williams. 1995. The feeling of another’s knowing: prosody and filled pauses as cues to listeners about the metacognitive states of speakers. Journal of Memory and Language, 34: 383-398.
Herbert H. Clark. 1994. Managing problems in speaking. Speech Communication, 15(3-4): 243-250.
Herbert H. Clark and Joan E. Fox Tree. 2002. Using ’uh’ and ’um’ in spontaneous speaking. Cognition, 84: 73-111.
Esther De Leeuw. 2007. Hesitation markers in English, German, and Dutch. Journal of German Linguistics, 19(2): 85-114.
Scott H. Fraundorf and Duane G. Watson. 2014. Alice’s adventures in umderland: psycholinguistic sources of variation in disfluency production. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 29(9): 1083-1096.
Marjorie H. Goodwin and Charles Goodwin. 1986. Gesture and coparticipation in the activity of searching for a word. Semiotica, 62: 51-75.
Adam Kendon. 1967. Some functions of gaze-direction in social interaction. Acta Psychologica, 26: 22-63.
Johanna K. Lake, Karin R. Humphreys and Shannon Cardy. 2011. Listener vs. speaker-oriented aspects of speech: studying the disfluencies of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18(1): 135-140.
Howard Maclay and Charles E. Osgood. 1959. Hesitation phenomena in spontaneous English speech. Word, 15: 19-44.
Bilge Mutlu, Takayuki Kanda, Jodi Forlizzi, Jessica Hodgins and Hiroshi Ishiguro. 2012. Conversational gaze mechanisms for humanlike robots. ACM Trans. Interact. Intell. Syst., 1(2): article 12.
Costanza Navarretta. 2015. The functions of fillers, filled pauses and co-occurring gestures in Danish dyadic con-versations. Proceedings from the 3rd European Symposium on Multimodal Communication, 55-61.
Daniel C. O’Connell and Sabine Kowal. 2005. ‘Uh’ and ‘um’ revisited: are they interjections for signaling delay? Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 34(6): 555-576.
Allan Reynolds and Allan Paivio. 1968. Cognitive and emotional determinants of speech. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 22: 164â€“175.
Elizabeth Shriberg. 1994. Preliminaries to a theory of speech disfluencies. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
Emanuel A. Schegloff. 1982. Discourse as an interactional achievement: some uses of “uh huh” and other things thatcome between sentences. In Deborah Tannen (Ed.), Analyzing discourse: text and talk. Georgetown Uni-versity, Washington, DC.
Michael F. Schober, Frederick G. Conrad, Wil Dijkstra and Yfke P. Ongena. 2012. Disfluencies and gaze aversion in unreliable responses to survey questions. Journal of Official Statistics, 28(4): 555-582.
Aron W. Siegman and Benjamin Pope. 1966. Ambiguity and verbal fluency in the TAT. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 30: 239-245.
Marc Swerts. 1998. Filled pauses as markers of discourse structure. Journal of Pragmatics, 30: 485-496.
Gina Villar, Joanne Arciuli and David Mallard. 2012. Use of “um” in the deceptive speech of a convicted murderer. Applied Psycholinguistics, 33: 83-95.
Esther J. Walker, Evan F. Risko and Alan Kingstone. 2014. Fillers as signals: evidence from a question â€“ answer-ing paradigm. Discourse Processes, 51(3): 264-286.
Clarissa WeiÃŸ and Peter Auer. 2016. Das Blickverhalten des Rezipienten bei SprecherhÃ¤sitionen: eine explorative Studie. GesprÃ¤chsforschung, 17: 132-167.
Peter Wittenburg, Hennie Brugman, Albert Russel, Alex Klassmann and Han Sloetjes. 2006. ELAN: a professional framework for multimodality research. Proceedings of LREC 2006, Fifth International Conference on Lan-guage Resources and Evaluation.