Article | Proceedings of the joint workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning and NLP for Language Acquisition at SLTC, Umeå, 16th November 2016 | The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System: A Literature Review
Göm menyn

The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System: A Literature Review
Hillary Ganek: Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Canada Alice Eriks-Brophy: Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Canada
Full text (pdf)
Proceedings of the joint workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning and NLP for Language Acquisition at SLTC, Umeå, 16th November 2016
Article no.:
No. of pages:
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
ISSN (online):
Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköpings universitet

Export in BibTex, RIS or text

The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System is a relatively new recording technology that can be used to investigate typical child language acquisition and populations with language disorders. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize speech-language pathologists with how the LENA System is currently being used in research. The authors outline issues in peer-reviewed research based on the device. Considerations when using the LENA System are discussed.

Keywords: LENA System, Speech-Language Therapy, Literature Review

Proceedings of the joint workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning and NLP for Language Acquisition at SLTC, Umeå, 16th November 2016

Hillary Ganek, Alice Eriks-Brophy
The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System: A Literature Review

Abney, D., Warlaumont, A., Haussman, A., Ross, J., & Wallot, S. (2014). Using nonlinear methods to quantify changes in infant limb movements and vocalizations. Frontiers in Psychology, 5(771), 1-15.

Burgess, S., Audet, L., & Harjusola-Webb, S. (2013). Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the school and home language environments of preschool-aged children with ASD. Journal of Communication Disorders, 1-12.

Bzoch, K., League, R., & Brown, V. (2003). Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Test (3rd ed.). Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services.

Canault, M., Le Normand, M., Foudil, S., Loundon, N., Thai-Van, H. (2015). Reliability of the Language ENvironment Analysis system (LENATM) in European French. Behavior Research Methods, DOI 10.3758/s13428-015-0634-8.

Caskey, M., Sephens, B., Tucker, R., & Vohr, B. (2014). Adult talk in the NICU with preterm infants and developmental outcomes. Pediatrics, 133(3), e578-e584.

Caskey, M., Stephens, B., Tucker, R., & Vohr, B. (2011). Importance of parent talk on the development of preterm infant vocalizations. Pediatrics, 128, 910-16.

Christakis, D., Gilkerson, J., Richards, J., Zimmerman, F., Garrison, M., Xu, D., Gray, S., & Yapanel, U. (2009). Audible television and decreased adult words, infant vocalizations, and conversational turns. Archive of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, 163(6), 554-58.

Crandell, C., Smaldino, J., & Flexer, C. (2005). Soundfield amplification: Applications to speech perception and classroom acoustics (2nd ed.) Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning.

Dykstra, J., Sabatos-DeVito, Irvin, D., Boyd, B., Hume, K., & Odom, S. (2012). Using the Language ENviroment Analysis (LENA) system in preschool classrooms with children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 17(5), 582-594.

Fernald, A., Zangle, R., Portillo, A., & Marchman, V. (2008). Looking while listening: Using eyemovements to monitor spoken language comprehension by infants and young children. In I. Sekerina, E.M. Fernandez, & H. Clahsen (Eds.), Developmental psycholinguistics: On-line methods in-children’s language processing (pp. 97-135). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Ford, M., Baer, C., Xu., Yapnel, U., & Gray, S. (2008). The LENA language environment  analysis system: audio specifications of the DLP-012 (Technical Report LTR-03-2). Boulder, CO: LENA Foundation.

Ganek, H. & Eriks-Brophy, A. (in revision). A Concise Protocol for Validating Conversational Turn Count in Vietnamese.

Gilkerson, J., Coulter, K., & Richards, J. (2008). Transcriptional analysis of the LENA natural language corpus (Technical Report No. LTR-06-2). Boulder, CO: LENA Foundation.

Gilkerson, J. & Richards, J. (2008). The LENA natural language study (Technical Report LTR-02-2). Boulder, CO: LENA Foundation.

Gilkerson, J., Zhang, Y., Xu, D., Richards, J., Xu, X., Jiang, F., Harnsberger, J., & Topping, K. (2015). Evaluating LENA System performance for Chinese: A pilot study in Shanghai. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 58, 445-452.

Greenwood, C., Thiemann-Bourque, K., Walker, D., Buzhardt, J., & Gilkerson, J. (2011). Assessing children’s home language environments using automatic speech recognition technology.

Hart, B. & Risley, T. (1995). Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young
American children. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.

Jackson, C. & Callender, M. (2014). Enviromental considerations: Home and school comparison of Spanish-English speakers’ vocalizations. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 34(3), 165-174.

Johnson, K., Caskey, M., Rand, K., Tucker, R., & Vohr, B. (2014). Gender differences in adultinfant communication in the first months of life. Pediatrics, 134(6), e1603-e1610.

Keller, H., Abels, M., Borke, J., Lamm, B., Su, Y., Wang, Y., & Lo, W. (2007). Socialization environments of Chinese and Euro-American middle-class babies: Parenting behaviors, verbal discourses and ethnotheories. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31(3), 210-217.

Ko, E., Seidl, A., Cristia, A., Reimchen, M., & Soderstrom, M. (2015). Entrainment of prosody in the interaction of mothers with their young children. Journal of Child Language, 43(2), 284-309.

LENA Research Foundation. (2014). The LENA Research Foundation. Retrieved from

Li, L., Vikani, A., Harris, G., & Lin, F., (2014). Feasibility study to quantify the auditory and social environment of older adults using a digital language processor. Otology & Neurotology, 35(8), 1301-1305.

Manolson, A. (1992). It takes two to talk. Toronto, Ontario, Canada The Hanen Centre.

Marchman, V., Martinez, L., Hurtado, N., Gruter, T., & Fernald, A. (2016). Caregiver talk to young Spanish-English bilinguals: Comparing direct observation and parent-report measures of dual-language exposure. Developmental Science, 1-13.

Miller, J. & Chapman, R. (2003). SALT: Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (v. 8.0) [computer software]. Madison, WI.

Newman, R. (2010). The cocktail party effect in infants revisited: Listening to one’s name in noise. Developmental Psychology, 41, 352-362.

Oller, D. Kimbrough (2010). All-day recordings to investigate vocabulary development: A case study of a trilingual toddler. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 31(4), 213- 222.

Oller, D. Kimbrough, Niyogi, P., Gray, S., Richards, J., Gilkerson, J., Xu, D., Yapanel, U., & Warren, S. (2010). Automated vocal analysis of naturalistic recordings from Children with autism, language delay, and typical development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(30), 13354-13359.

Ota, C. & Austin, A. (2013). Training and mentoring: Family child care providers’ use of linguistic inputs in conversations with children. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 28, 972-983.

Pae, S., Yoon, H., Seol, A., Gilkerson, J., Richards, J., Ma, L., & Topping, K. (2016). Effects of feedback on parent-child language with infants and toddlers in Korea. First Langauge, DOI: 10.1177/0142723716649273.

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Garicia-Sierra, A., & Kuhl, P. (2014). Look who’s talking: Speech style and social context in language input to infants are linked to concurrent and future speech development. Developmental Science, 17(6), 880-891.

Richards, J., Gilkerson, J., Paul, T., & Xu, D. (2008). The LENA automatic vocalization assessment (Technical Report No. LTR-08-1).

Boulder, CO: LENA Research Foundation. Sacks, C., Shay, S., Repplinger, L., Leffel, K., Sapolich, S., Suskind, E., Tannenbaum, S., & Suskind, D. (2013). Pilot testing of a parentdirected intervention (Project ASPIRE) for underserved children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 0(0), 1-12.

Santos-Lozano, A., Torres-Luque, G., Marin, P., Ruiz, J., Lucia, A., & Garatachea, N. (2012). Intermonitor variability of GT3X accelerometer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33, 994-999.

Soderstrom, M. & Wittebolle, K. (2013). When do caregivers talk? The influences of activity and time of day on caregiver speech and child vocalizations in two childcare environments. PLoS ONE, 8(11), e80646.

Suskind, D., Leffel, K., Graf, E., Hernandez, M., Gunderson, E., Sapolich, S., Suskind, E., Leininger, L., Goldin-Meadow, S., & Levine, S. (2015). A parent-directed language intervention for children of low socioeconomic status: A randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Child Language, 43(2), 366-406.

Suskind, D., Leffel, K., Hernandez, M., Sapolich, S., Suskind, E., Kirkham, E., & Meehan, P. (2013). An exploratory study of “quantitative linguistic feedback”: Effect of LENA feedback on adult language production. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 34(4), 199-209.

VanDam, M., Ambrose, S. E., & Moeller, M. P. (2012). Quantity of parental language in the home environments of hard-of-hearing 2-Year-Olds. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Advanced Access, 1-19.

VanDam, M., Oller, K., Ambrose, S., Gray, S., Richards, J., Xu, D., Gilkerson, J., Silbert, N., & Moeller, M. (2015). Automated vocal analysis of children with hearing loss and their typical and atypical peers. Ear & Hearing, 36(4), e146-e152.

VanDam, M., Warlaumont, A., Bergelson E., Cristia A., Soderstrom M., De Palma P., and MacWhinney, B. (2016). HomeBank: An online repository of daylong child-centered audio re- cordings. Seminars in Speech and Language, 37(2), 128-141.

Vohr, B., Watson, V., St Pierre, L., & Tucker, R. (2014). The importance of language in the home for school age children with permanent hearing loss. Acta Paediatrica, 103(1), 62-69.

Wang, Z., Miller, K., & Cortina, K. (2014). Automatic classification of activities in classrooms discourse. Computers and Education, 78, 115-123.

Warlaumont, A., Oller, K., Dale, R., Richards, J., Gilkerson, J., & Xu, D. (2010). Vocal interaction dynamics of children with and without autism. Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 121-126.

Warren, S., Gilkerson, J., Richards, J., Oller, K., Xu, D., Yapanel, U., & Gray, S. (2010). What automated vocal analysis reveals about the vocal production and language learning environment of young children with autism. Journal of Autism Developmental Disorders, 1-15.

Weil, L. & Middleton, L. (2011). Use of the LENA tool to evaluate the effectiveness of a parent intervention program. Perspectives on Language Learning and Education, 17, 108-111.

Weisleder, A. & Fernald, A. (2013). Talking to children matters early language experience strengthens processing and builds vocabulary. Psychological Science, 24(11), 2143-2152.

Wiggin, M., Gabbard, S., Thompson, N., Goberis, D., & Yoshinaga-Itano, C. (2012). The  school to home link: summer preschool and parents. Seminars in Speech and Language, 33(4), 290-296.

Wood, C., Diehm, E., & Callender, M. (2016). An investigation of language environment analysis measures for Spanish-English bilingual preschoolers from migrant low-socioeconomic status backgrounds. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 47, 123-134.

Xu, D., Richards, J., & Gilkerson, J. (2014). Automated analysis of child phonetic production
using naturalistic recordings. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 57(5), 1638-1650.

Xu, D., Yapanel, U., & Gray, S. (2009). Automatic childhood autism detection by vocalization decomposition with phone-like units. The 2nd Workshop on Child, Computer and Interaction, 1-7.

Xu, D., Yapanel, U., Gray, S., & Baer, C. (2008). Signal processing for young child speech language development. Presented at The 1st Workshop of Child, Computer and Interaction, Chania, Crete, Greece.

Zhang, Y., Xu, X., Jiang, F., Gilkerson, J., Xu, D., Richards, J., Harnsberger, J., Topping, K. (2015). Effects of quantitative linguistic feedback to caregivers of young children: A pilot study in China. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 37(1), 16-24.

Zimmerman, F., Gilkerson, J., Richards, J., Christakis, D., Xu, D., Gray, S., & Yapanel, U. (2009). Teaching by listening: The importance of adult-child conversations to language development. Pediatrics, 124, 342-349.

Zimmerman, I. L., Steiner, V., & Pond, R. (2002). Preschool Language Scale (4th ed.). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corp.

Proceedings of the joint workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning and NLP for Language Acquisition at SLTC, Umeå, 16th November 2016

Hillary Ganek, Alice Eriks-Brophy
The Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) System: A Literature Review
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
No citations available at the moment

Responsible for this page: Peter Berkesand
Last updated: 2017-02-21