Article | Independent in the heard: Inclusion and exclusion as social processes. Proceedings from the 9th GRASP conference, Linköping University, May 2014 | Constructing Cohesion through Laughter
Göm menyn

Title:
Constructing Cohesion through Laughter
Author:
Gillian Hendry: School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Scotland Sally Wiggins: School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Scotland Tony Anderson: School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Scotland
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2014
Conference:
Independent in the heard: Inclusion and exclusion as social processes. Proceedings from the 9th GRASP conference, Linköping University, May 2014
Issue:
121
Article no.:
001
Pages:
1-16
No. of pages:
16
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2015-01-21
ISBN:
978-91-7519-217-8
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköpings universitet


Export in BibTex, RIS or text

One of the most consistently studied constructs within group dynamics literature is that of cohesiveness; the extent to which individuals within a group feel connected. Members of strongly cohesive groups are more inclined to participate and stay with the group, and past research has reported that laughter has the ability to enhance cohesion between individuals, although there is limited work showing exactly how this happens. Twenty two students comprising eight groups from two UK universities were video-recorded as they partook in group work, with the resultant sixty four hours of video data being analysed using discursive psychology centring on episodes of laughter in interaction. As ‚Äėsticking together‚Äô is a defining feature of cohesiveness, the analysis focused on instances in which a group member did the opposite of this by group-deprecating; revealing a weakness about the group, with findings showing that cohesion is constructed through the acceptance of and expansion upon the disparagement.

Keywords: Group work; discursive psychology; laughter; cohesion

Independent in the heard: Inclusion and exclusion as social processes. Proceedings from the 9th GRASP conference, Linköping University, May 2014

Author:
Gillian Hendry, Sally Wiggins, Tony Anderson
Title:
Constructing Cohesion through Laughter
References:

Antonopoulou, E. & Sifianou, M. (2003). Conversational dynamics of humour: the telephone game in Greek. Journal of Pragmatics, 35, 741-769.


Attardo, S. (1993). Violation of conversational maxims and cooperation: The case of jokes. Journal of Pragmatics, 19 (6), 537-558.


Attenborough, F. & Stokoe, E. (2012). Student life; student identity; student experience: Ethnomethodological methods for pedagogical matters. Psychology Learning and Teaching, 11 (1), 6-21.


Benwell, B. & Stokoe, E.H. (2002). Constructing discussion tasks in university tutorials: shifting dynamics and identities. Discourse Studies, 4 (4), 429-453.


Berlyne, D.E. (1969). Laughter, humour, and play. In G. Lindzey and E. Aronson (eds.), The handbook of social psychology (2nd ed., pp. 795-852).


Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Boxer, D. & Cortés-Conde, F. (1997). From bonding to biting: Conversational joking and identity display. Journal of Pragmatics, 27, 275-294.


Budge, S. (1981). Group cohesiveness re-examined. Group, 5, 10-18.


Carron, A.V., Widmeyer, W.N. & Brawley, L.R. (1985). The development of an instrument to assess cohesion in sport teams: The Group Environment Questionnaire. Journal of Sport Psychology, 7, 244-266.


Chiocchio, F. & Essiembre, H. (2009). Cohesion and performance: A metaanalytic review of disparities between project teams, production teams, and service teams. Small Group Research, 40, 382-400.


Diallo, Y. (2006). Joking relationships in western Burkina Faso. Zeitschrift Fur Ethnologie, 131 (2), 183-196.


Dolmans, D.H.J.M. & Schmidt, H.G. (2006). What do we know about cognitive and motivational effects of small group tutorials in problem-based learning? Advances in Health Sciences Education, 11, 321-336.


Drew, P. (1987). Po-faced receipts of teases. Linguistics, 25, 219-253.


Dyaram, L. & Kamalanabhan, T.J. (2005). Unearthed: The other side of group cohesiveness. Journal of Social Science, 10 (3), 185-190.


Edwards, D. (2005). Moaning, whinging and laughing: the subjective side of complaints. Discourse Studies, 7 (1), 5-29.


Festinger, L., Schachter, S. & Back, K. (1950). Social pressure in informal groups: A study of human factors in housing. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.


Foot, H.C. & Chapman, A.J. (1976). The social responsiveness of young children in humorous situations. In A.J. Chapman and H.C. Foot (eds.), Humour and laughter; theory, research and applications (pp. 187-214). London: John Wiley and Sons.


Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.


Glenn, P. (2003). Laughter in interaction. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


Goodwin, C. (2000). Practices of seeing: Visual analysis: An ethnomethodological approach. In T. van Leeuwen and C. Jewitt (eds.), Handbook of Visual Analysis (pp. 157-182). London: Sage Publications.


Granovetter, M.S. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78, 1360-1380.


Greatbatch, D. & Clark, T. (2003). Displaying group cohesiveness: Humour and laughter in the public lectures of management gurus. Human Relations, 56 (12), 1515-1544.


Greer, L.L. (2012). Group cohesion: Then and now. Small group Research, 43 (6), 655-661.


Hammar Chiriac, E. (2014). Group work as an incentive for learning ‚Äď students‚Äô experiences of group work. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, Article 558.


Hay, J. (2000). Functions of humour in the conversations of men and women. Journal of Pragmatics, 32, 709-742.


Hogg, M.A. & Vaughan, G.M. (2008). People in groups. In Social Psychology (pp. 267-304). Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.


Holmes, J. (2006). Sharing a laugh: Pragmatic aspects of humour and gender in the workplace. Journal of Pragmatics, 38, 26-50.


Holt, E. (2011). On the nature of ‚Äúlaughables‚ÄĚ: Laughter as a response to overdone figurative phrases. International Pragmatics Association, 21 (3), 393-410.


Holt, E. (2010). The last laugh: Shared laughter and topic termination. Journal of Pragmatics, 42, 1513-1525.


Jefferson, G. (1979). A technique for inviting laughter and its subsequent acceptance/ declination. In G. Psanthas (Ed.), Everyday language: Studies in ethnomethodology (pp. 79-96). New York: Irvington Publishers.


Jefferson, G. (1984). On the organisation of laughter in talk about troubles. In J.M. Atkinson and J. Heritage (eds.), Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis (pp. 346-369). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Jefferson, G. (2004). A note on laughter in ‚Äėmale-female‚Äô interaction. Discourse Studies, 6 (1), 117-133.


Jones, E.E. (1964). Ingratiation: A social psychological analysis. New York: Appleton-Century-Croft.


Keyton, J. (1992). Comment on Evans and Dion: Still more on group cohesion. Small Group Research, 23, 237-241.


Koschmann, T., Glenn, P. & Conlee, M. (1997). Analyzing the emergence of a learning issue in a problem-based learning meeting. Medical Education Online, 2 (2), 1-9.


Koschmann, T. & LeBaron, C. (2002). Learner articulation as interactional achievement: Studying the Conversation of Gesture. Cognition and Instruction, 20 (2), 249-282.


Kotthoff, H. (2006). Gender and humour: The state of the art. Journal of Pragmatics, 38, 4-25.


LaFrance, M. (1983). Felt vs. feigned funniness: issues in coding smiling and laughing. In P.E. McGhee and J.H. Goldstein (eds.), Handbook of Humour Research. vol. 1: Basic Issues (pp. 1-12). New York: Springer.


Lott, A.J. & Lott, B.E. (1965). Group cohesiveness as interpersonal attraction: A review of relationships with antecedent and consequent variables. Psychological Bulletin, 64, 259-309.


MacLeod, A. (2011). Caring, competence and professional identities in medical education. Advances in Health Science Education, 16, 375-394.


Mudrack, P.E. (1989). Defining group cohesiveness: A legacy of confusion? Small Group Behaviour, 20 (1), 37-49.


Nesi, H. (2012). Laughter in university lectures. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 11, 79-89.


Norrick, N.R. (1994). Involvement and joking in conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 22, 409-430.


O’Reilly, C.A., III. & Roberts, K.H. (1977). Task group structure, communication, and effectiveness in three organisations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 674-681.


Oliver, C., Demetriades, L. & Hall, S. (2002). Effects of environmental events on smiling and laughing behaviour in angelman syndrome. American Journal on mental retardation, 107 (3), 194-200.


Pollio, H.R. & Edgerly, J.W. (1976). Comedians and comic style. In A.J. Chapman and H.C. Foot (eds.), Humour and laughter; theory, research and applications (pp. 215-242). London: John Wiley and Sons.


Potter, J. & Hepburn, A. (2010). Putting aspiration into words: ‚ÄėLaugh particles‚Äô, managing descriptive trouble and modulating action. Journal of Pragmatics, 42, 1543-1555.


Pomerantz, A. (1984). Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some features of preferred/ dispreffered turn shapes. In J.M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (eds.), Structures of Social Action (pp. 57-99). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Pomerantz, A. (1986). Extreme case formulations: A way of legitimizing claims. Human Studies, 9 (2-3), 219-229.


Provine, R.R. (2004). Laughing, tickling, and the evolution of speech and self. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13 (6), 215-218.


Richman, J. (1995). The lifesaving function of humour with the depressed and suicidal elderly. The Gerentologist, 35 (2), 271-273.


Ross, M.D., Owren, M.J. & Zimmerman, E. (2009). Reconstructing the evolution of laughter in great apes and humans. Current Biology, 19, 1106-1111.


Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. & Jefferson, G. (1974). A simple systematics for organisation of turn-taking for conversation. Language, 50, 696-735.


Schegloff, E.A. & Sacks, H. (1973). Opening up closings. Semiotica, 8 (4), 289-327.


Turner, J. & Oakes, P. (1986). The significance of the social identity concept for social psychology with reference to individualism, interactionism and social influence. British Journal of Social Psychology, 25 (3), 237-252.


Wiggins, S. & Potter, J. (2008). Discursive psychology. In C. Willig & W. Stainton Rogers (eds.), The Sage handbook of qualitative research in psychology (pp. 73-90). London: Sage.


Wooffitt, R. (1992). Telling tales of the unexpected: the organisation of factual discourse. London: Harvester/ Wheatsheaf.


Wooffitt, R. (2005). Conversation analysis and discourse analysis: A comparative and critical introduction. Cornwall: SAGE Publications Ltd. Young, R.D. & Frye, M. (1966). Some are laughing; some are not ‚Äď why? Psychological Reports, 18, 747-754.


Ziv, A. (2010). The social function of humour in interpersonal relationships. Society, 47 (1), 11-18.

Independent in the heard: Inclusion and exclusion as social processes. Proceedings from the 9th GRASP conference, Linköping University, May 2014

Author:
Gillian Hendry, Sally Wiggins, Tony Anderson
Title:
Constructing Cohesion through Laughter
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
No citations available at the moment


Responsible for this page: Peter Berkesand
Last updated: 2017-02-21