Article | Proceedings of the 20th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics, NODALIDA 2015, May 11-13, 2015, Vilnius, Lithuania | Looking hard: Eye tracking for detecting grammaticality of automatically compressed sentences Link�ping University Electronic Press Conference Proceedings
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Title:
Looking hard: Eye tracking for detecting grammaticality of automatically compressed sentences
Author:
Sigrid Klerke: University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Héctor Martínez Alonso: University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Anders Søgaard: University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2015
Conference:
Proceedings of the 20th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics, NODALIDA 2015, May 11-13, 2015, Vilnius, Lithuania
Issue:
109
Article no.:
014
Pages:
97-105
No. of pages:
9
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2015-05-06
ISBN:
978-91-7519-098-3
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Series:
NEALT Proceedings Series
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköpings universitet


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Natural language processing (NLP) tools are often developed with the intention to ease human processing, a goal which is hard to measure. Eye movements in reading are known to reflect aspects of the cognitive processing of text (Rayner et al., 2013) and is becoming available in consumer products. We explore how eye movements reflect aspects of reading that are of relevance to NLP system evaluation and development. In this paper we present an analysis of the differences between reading automatic sentence compressions and manually simplified newswire using eye-tracking experiments and readers’ evaluations. We show that both manual simplification and automatic sentence compression provide texts that are easier to process than standard newswire, and that the main source of difficulty in processing machine-compressed text is ungrammaticality. Importantly, we find that grammatical errors introduced by automatic processing and grammatical complexity stemming from human authors affects reading behavior and the subjective assessment of sentence readability differently. Especially the proportion of regressions to previously read text is found to be sensitive to the differences in human- and computer-induced complexity. This finding is relevant for evaluation of automatic summarization, simplification and translation systems designed with the intention of facilitating human reading.

Proceedings of the 20th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics, NODALIDA 2015, May 11-13, 2015, Vilnius, Lithuania

Author:
Sigrid Klerke, Héctor Martínez Alonso, Anders Søgaard
Title:
Looking hard: Eye tracking for detecting grammaticality of automatically compressed sentences
References:

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Proceedings of the 20th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics, NODALIDA 2015, May 11-13, 2015, Vilnius, Lithuania

Author:
Sigrid Klerke, Héctor Martínez Alonso, Anders Søgaard
Title:
Looking hard: Eye tracking for detecting grammaticality of automatically compressed sentences
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