Article | KEER2014. Proceedings of the 5th Kanesi Engineering and Emotion Research; International Conference; Linköping; Sweden; June 11-13 | An Investigation of Washing and Dressing Behaviors in Bathrooms in Taiwan
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Title:
An Investigation of Washing and Dressing Behaviors in Bathrooms in Taiwan
Author:
Ming-Shih Chen: Tunghai University, Taiwan Iu-Ru Lai: Tunghai University, Taiwan
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2014
Conference:
KEER2014. Proceedings of the 5th Kanesi Engineering and Emotion Research; International Conference; Linköping; Sweden; June 11-13
Issue:
100
Article no.:
007
Pages:
87-99
No. of pages:
13
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2014-06-11
ISBN:
978-91-7519-276-5
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


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Bathrooms are generally shared among family members of different generations in Taiwanese households. According to statistics; 85.8% of bathrooms in Taiwan are shared among more than two people (Taiwan Design Center; 2006). However; the internal size of a bathroom in Taiwan is normally 5 square meters and contains general fixtures such as a washbasin; a toilet; and a bathtub. Considering that a washbasin; in which users can wash their faces or assorted items; might be the most frequently used fixture in a bathroom; this study chose it as the research target. As most bathrooms in typical households are considered communal spaces; the different habits of bathroom users and the similarities or variations in their physical conditions present a challenging issue for designers; who must consider individual user needs during design.

This study conducted on-site observations of the washing and dressing behaviors of bathroom users in different groups; and interviewed users concerning their bathroom usage experience. The specific morning bathroom usage procedures of 15 users were recorded. The users consisted of adults; children; and elderly people. The time allocated for each bathroom user was approximately 10 minutes; which began with observing the usage procedures and then subsequently transcribing these procedures into texts. After analyzing the same behaviors of different bathroom users; a conclusion was drawn about similar problems that occurred to general bathroom users. Finally; new indexes were designed to address those problems; as well as similar problems; were analyzed; consolidated; and summarized into four categories: water volume and temperature adjustment; face-washing and cleaning method; handrail setting and height; and storage space. Through the case study; this research aimed to define the problems encountered by users while washing and dressing in a bathroom; further discuss these problems; and seek for solutions.

Keywords: Bathroom Space; Washing and dressing behaviors; Observation method

KEER2014. Proceedings of the 5th Kanesi Engineering and Emotion Research; International Conference; Linköping; Sweden; June 11-13

Author:
Ming-Shih Chen, Iu-Ru Lai
Title:
An Investigation of Washing and Dressing Behaviors in Bathrooms in Taiwan
References:

General Design Research Plan of Taiwan Design Center; 2006.

Construction Management Unit of Construction and Planning Agency; Physical Manual of Residential Bathroom Space; Construction and Planning Agency ; Ministry of the Interior(CPAMI); 2003.

Cheng; K.H.; 2007; A Study of Bathing Space Design from the Perspective of Universal Design; master’s thesis; Tunghai University.

Lin; C.Y. ; 2002; Usability Research on Bathroom and Toilet: Take DapengHuacheng of Taipei County as Example; master’s thesis; Chinese Culture University.

Narasaki; T.; Tsui; C.K.(trans);2002; Illustration of Accessible Space Design for the elderly and Handicaped; Chan Shih Books.

The Concept of Universal Design;2004; P25.

Toto Machine Co.; Ltd; Water Supply Facilities for the Elderly; 2006; p74.

Annual Design Review of JSSN; Design Research; 2004; Vol.10; NO.10; P3.

Wu; M.L.; 2003; Application of Statistics and Analysis; P.1-9

Chen Ming-Shih;2005;‚ÄúBehavior and Consciousness of Bathroom Space Utilization of the Elderly in Taiwan‚ÄĚ; Design Research of Japan; Japanese Society for the Science of Design; Vol.55; No5; p37-46.

KEER2014. Proceedings of the 5th Kanesi Engineering and Emotion Research; International Conference; Linköping; Sweden; June 11-13

Author:
Ming-Shih Chen, Iu-Ru Lai
Title:
An Investigation of Washing and Dressing Behaviors in Bathrooms in Taiwan
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