Due to their intrinsic nature; occupant behaviour and building and its energy systems are usually represented by different modelling paradigms. The occupant behaviour is here described by agent-based modelling (ABM) whereas the building is described by a set of hybrid differential algebraic equations; typical of dynamic thermal modelling. Such different complex systems cannot be efficiently simulated in a single tool. Therefore; one solution is the tool coupling approach.
The FMI standard for co-simulation; was used to couple the SMACH occupant behaviour simulator and a building energy model built with the BuildSysPro Modelica library. Variables of interest are passed from one model to another at fixed synchronization time steps.
Keywords: Building simulation; behavioural modelling; Specific use of electricity; thermal comfort; Modelica; FMI; co-simulation
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