The Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg showcases and researches German-speaking culture. Its foundation in 1852 was based on the conscience of unity of a nation that was characterised by a common language and culture; but lived in numerous separate states. It is thus a Germanic and not a German museum; since it concerned and still concerns itself with German culture beyond political boundaries. The task of the institution was therefore not to present the political or even military history of a state-nation. Instead; its aim was to relate vividly and communicate visually the social and cultural life of the German population in middle and middleeastern Europe in the past. This aim has not changed until today; but it remains a major challenge to the visualization of cultural history and the idea of nation at the museum.