Article | Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1 | National museums in Greece: History; Ideology; Narratives

Title:
National museums in Greece: History; Ideology; Narratives
Author:
Andromache Gazi:
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2011
Conference:
Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1
Issue:
064
Article no.:
016
Pages:
363-399
No. of pages:
37
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2011-09-30
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


Greek national identity has been moulded on a threefold historical scheme that was initially sketched in the second quarter of the nineteenth century and had been crystallized by the first decades of the twentieth century. This scheme evolved gradually according to changing political and ideological circumstances. The sense of identity was initially based on Greece’s affinity to classical antiquity that was exalted to a revered model. When this affinity was disputed; the - previously discarded - Byzantine heritage was reassessed and accepted as an integral part of national heritage while aspects of folk life started being studied in order to provide evidence of the unbroken continuity of the nation down the centuries. Thus; by the end of the nineteenth century Greeks could pride themselves for being the heirs of a famous classical heritage; an important Byzantine legacy; and of a living folk tradition some aspects of which - it was believed - might be traced back to antiquity. This ideological process had been consolidated by the 1920s and has since served as the backbone of national master narratives.

National museums such as the National Archaeological Museum (henceforth NAM); the Byzantine and Christian Museum (henceforth BCM); the Museum of Greek Folk Culture (henceforth MGFA) and the National Historical Museum are entrenched in this scheme; support the master narrative and present the notion of an eternal Hellenic spirit that guides the nation through different historical periods. Thus; Greek national museums perpetuate national myths and make official collective memory visible. As large proportions of collective memory is supposedly embodied in emblematic objects of national significance; the public is expecting national museums to act as treasure-houses of national memory; and this is indeed one of the main reasons instructing museum visiting. Moreover; as significant national institutions museums are normally seen as places that tell ’the truth’; whereby ’truth’ represents nationally sanctioned views of the nation’s trajectory. Ruptures; silences; difficult heritage or other voices are hard to be accepted; although significant shifts have been under way for more than a decade now.

This report maps the dynamics of establishing national museums in Greece and provides an overview of the most important national museums in the country through a discussion of selected case studies. For the purpose of this research; which was part of EuNaMus’ Mapping and Framing Institutions 1750-2010 project; a ’national museum’ is defined as an institution owned and controlled by the state; which claims and is recognised as being national and which articulates and negotiates national identity and knowledge with public exhibitions. A national public position and a focus on the national narrative are at the core of the investigation.

Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1

Author:
Andromache Gazi
Title:
National museums in Greece: History; Ideology; Narratives
References:

Aggelidi; Ch. (2003) ‘Byzantium and historiography’; Archaiologia kai Technes; 88: 6-7 [in Greek].


?non. (1951) ‘Athens: the National Museum’s new gallery’; Archaeology; 4/3: 134-35.


Aronsson; P. (2010) ‘Explaining national Museums. Exploring comparative approaches to he study of national museums’ in P. Aronsson and S. Knell (eds) National Museums. New Studies from Around the World; London: Routledge.


Avdikos; E (2009) Introduction to the Studies of Folk Culture; Athens: Kritiki [in Greek].


Beckwith; J. (1964) ‘Byzantine art in Athens’; The Burlington Magazine; 106/738: 398-403.


Biliouri; K. (2009) ‘When the U.S.A. discovered Byzantium: a tale of the cultural other’; Museology; 5; 35-48. Online. Available at: <http://museology.ct.aegean.gr/articles/2009924152055.pdf> (accessed 3 November 2010).


Bobou-Protopapa; E. (1993) The Lyceum Club of Greek Women; Athens: Lyceum Club of Greek Women [in Greek].


Byron; R. (1931) ‘The Byzantine exhibition in Paris’; The Burlington Magazine; 59/340: 27- 29; 32-33.


Caftantzoglou; R. (2003) ‘Folk museums; “folk culture” and the museum “audience”; in C. Gougouli and ?. Hadjinikolaou (eds) special volume: Museums and Folk Culture; Ethnographic issues; 12-13: 33-46 [in Greek].


Carabott; Ph. (2003) ‘Monumental Visions: the past in Metaxas Weltanschauung’; in K.S. Brown and Y. Hamilakis (eds) The Usable Past. Greek Metahistories; Oxford: Lexington Books.


Chatzidakes; M. (1964) Byzantine Art; a European Art; Exhibition catalogue; Zappeion Exhibition Hall; April 1 – June 15; Athens.


Clogg; R. (2002) A Concise History of Greece; 2nd edn; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Collignon; M. and Couve; L. (1902-1904) Catalogue des Vases Peints du Musée National d’Athènes; Paris.


Dakin; D. (1972) The Unification of Greece 1770-1923; New York: St. Martin’s Press.


Demakopoulou; Ch. (1982) The Foundation of the Historical and Ethnographical Society of Greece; Athens [in Greek].


Demakopoulou; K. (1999) ‘Successes and problems’; ?? Vima; 14 August [in Greek].


—— (2001) ‘Problems and perspectives of contemporary museology. Experience from the National Archaeological Museum’; in ?. Scaltsa (ed.) Museology at the threshold of the 21st century; Thessaloniki: endefktirio publications [in Greek].


Demaras; K. (1986) Konstantinos Paparreghopoulos. His Life; his Work; Athens: MIET [in Greek].


Dontas; G. (1987) ‘Christos Karouzos and the National Archaeological Museum’; Nea Estia; 1444: 1116-118 [in Greek].


?ugenidou; ?. (1993) ‘Archaeology today’; Archaiologia kai Technes; 46: 6-7 [in Greek]. Fallmerayer; J. P. 1830; Geschichte der Halbinsel Morea während des Mittelalters; I; Stuttgart; Fallmerayer; J. P. 1836; Geschichte der Halbinsel Morea während des Mittelalters; II; Stuttgart.


Frangoudaki; A. (2001) Language and the Nation 1880-1980. A hundred years of struggle for the authentic Greek language; Athens: Alexandria [in Greek].


Galanopoulou; M. (2010) Communication practices for the foreign visitor in Greek museums. A comparative study of ten Athenian museums; unpublished M.A. thesis; Athens; Panteion University; Department of Communication; Media and Culture.


Gazi; A. (1993) Archaeological Museums in Greece 1829-1909. The Display of Archaeology; unpublished PhD Thesis; University of Leicester.


—— (1994) ‘Archaeological Museums and Displays in Greece 1829-1909. A first approach’; Museological Review 1/1: 50-69.


—— (1999a) ‘From the Muses to the Museum. The history of an institution through the centuries’; Archaiologia kai Technes; 70: 39-46 [in Greek].


—— (1999b) ‘The display of antiquities in Greece 1829-1909. Ideological prerequisites – Practical approaches’; Archaiologia kai Technes; 73: 45-53 [in Greek].


—— (2008) “Artfully classified” and “appropriately placed”. Notes on the display of antiquities in early nineteenth-century Greece’; in D. Damaskos and D. Plantzos (eds) A Singular Antiquity. Archaeology and Hellenic Identity in twentieth-century Greece; Athens: Mouseio Benaki.


—— (forthcoming) “Sacred fragments decently displayed. Displaying archaeology – Exhibiting ideology in nineteenthand early twentieth century Greek museums”; in S.Voutsaki and P. Cartledge; (eds) Ancient Monuments & Modern Identities: towards a critical history of Greek archaeology; London: Ashgate.


Gatou; I. (2009a) ‘Evaluation of the exhibition ‘Man and Tools…’; Museum of Greek Folk Art’; Tetradia Mouseiologias; 6: 59-63 [in Greek].


—— (2009b) Exhibitions Evaluation. The case of the exhibition ‘Man and Tools. Aspects of labour in pre-industrial society’; Museum of Greek Folk Art; unpublished M.A. thesis; Athens; Department of Communication; Media and Culture; Panteion University; [in Greek].


Gefou-Madianou; D. (2009) ‘Anthropology in the shadow of Greek civilisation: the development of a science in academia’; in D. Gefou-Madianou (ed.) Aspects of Anthropological Research. Culture; history; representations; Athens; Ellinika Grammata. Gotsis; St. and Konstantios; N. (2007) ‘Visitors’ comments on the new BCM’; ILISSIA; 1: 118-20.


Gratziou; O. (1986) ‘From the history of the Byzantine Museum: the first years’; Mnimon; 11: 54-73 [in Greek].


Hadjinikolaou; ?. (2003) ‘Introduction’; in C. Gougouli and ?. Hadjinikolaou (eds) special volume: Museums and Folk Culture; Ethnographic issues; 12-13: 11-26 [in Greek].


Hadjinikolaou; ?. (2011) ‘Historical evidence and personal experience. The challenge of social history museums’; Tetradia Mouseiologias; 7: 43-48 [in Greek].


Hamilakis; Y. (1992-1998) ‘Thoughts on the teaching of archaeology in Greek universities’; HOROC; 10-12: 585-604 [in Greek].


—— (1993) ‘?he teaching of archaeology in Greek universities’; Archaiologia kai Technes; 46: 47-50 [in Greek].


—— (2007) The Nation and its Ruins. Antiquity; Archaeology and National Imagination in Greece; Oxford: Oxford University Press.


—— (2009) ‘Indigenous Hellenisms/indigenous modernities: Classical antiquity; materiality; and modern Greek society’ in G. Boys-Stones; B. Graziosi and Ph. Vasunia (eds); The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies; Oxford: OUP.


Hamilakis; Y. and Yalouri; E. (1996) ‘Antiquities as symbolic capital in modern Greek society’; Antiquity; 70: 118-29.


Hyxley; G. (1998) ‘Aspects of modern Greek historiography of Byzantium’; in D. Ricks and P. Magdalino (eds) ?yzantium and the Modern Greek Identity; Aldershot; Hampshire: Ashgate.


ILISSIA (2008) Special issue: Museum Studies in Greece; 2 (Fall); 4-37 [in Greek].


Kaltsas; N. (2007) ‘The National Archaeological Museum and its Collections. The chronicle of its foundation and development’ in N. Kaltsas; The National Archaeological Museum; Athens; John S. Latsis Public Benefit Foundation; 15-23; Online. Available at: <http://www.latsisfoundation. Org/megazine/publish/ebook.php?book=32&preloader=1> (accessed 2 September 2010).


Karouzos; Ch. (2000) Ancient Art; 2nd ed; Athens: Hermes [in Greek].


Karouzos; Ch. And Karouzou; S. (1981) An Anthology of Treasures from the National Museum; Athens: MIET [in Greek].


Karouzou; S. (1946) ‘How the antiquities of the National Archaeological Museum were safeguarded’; Nea Estia; 465: 1158-163 [in Greek].


—— (1956) ‘The new hall of the national museum’; Nea Estia; 695: 849-55 [in Greek].


—— (1957) ‘The most ancient Greek civilizations. Three new halls at the National Museum’; Nea Estia; 723: 1203-205 [in Greek].


—— (1984a) ‘Experiences and memories’; HOROC; 2: 1-61 [in Greek].


—— (1984b) ‘The National Museum since 1941’; in Proceedings of the 1st Conference; Association of Greek Archaeologists; (Athens; 30.3 - 3.4.1967); Athens: Association of Greek Archaeologists [in Greek].


Katimertzi; P. (1982) ‘Our museums are for … the museum!’; I Avgi; 7 February [in Greek].


Katsaridou; I. and Biliouri; K. (2007) ‘Representing Byzantium: the narratives of the Byzantine past in Greek national museums’; in P. Aronsson and M. Hillström (eds) NaMu; Making National Museums; Setting the Frames; Norrköping; Sweden 26-27 February; Online. Available at: <http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp/022/016/ecp0702216.pdf> (accessed 3 November 2010).


Kavvadias; P. (1890-92) Sculptures of the National Museum. Descriptive Catalogue; Athens: S. Vlastos [in Greek].


Kioussopoulou; ?. (2003) ‘The study of Byzantium in modern Greece’; Archaiologia kai technes; 88: 19-21.


Kitromilides; P. (1998) ‘On the intellectual content of Greek nationalism: Paparrigopoulos; Byzantium and the Great Idea’; in D. Ricks and P. Magdalino; ?yzantium and the Modern Greek identity; Aldershot; Hampshire: Ashgate.


Kitromilides; P. and Sklavenitis; Tr. (2004) Historiography of Modern and Contemporary Greece 1833-2002); Athens: National Research Institute [in Greek].


Kokkinidou; D. and Nikolaidou; M. (2000) ‘A sexist present; a human-less past: museum archaeology in Greece’; in M. Donald and L. Hurcombe (eds) Gender and Material Culture in Archaeological Perspective; Palgrave MacMillan Press.


Kokkou; A. (2009) Care for the Antiquities in Greece and the first Museums; 2nd edn; Athens; Capon [in Greek].


Konstantios; D. (1999) ‘Byzantium’s Arc. History; aims and perspectives of the Byzantine and Christian Museum’; I Kathimerini; Epta Imeres; 10-11 April [in Greek].


—— (2004) ‘Byzantine and Christian Museum. Metamorphoses’; in Thorakion. A volume in memory of P. Lazarides; Athens; Ministry of Culture [in Greek].


—— (2007a) ‘Our museological proposition’; in Byzantine and Christian Museum. Byzantine Collections. The permanent exhibition; Athens: BCM and Ministry of Culture [in Greek].


—— (2007b) ‘Byzantine Museum: another policy is feasible’; ILISSIA; 1: 4-13 [in Greek].


—— (2009) Byzantine Museum. The Past; the Present; the Future; Athens; BCM [in Greek]. Koliopoulos; I. and Veremis; Th. (2002) Greece. The Modern Sequel: from 1831 to the present; New York: New York University Press.


—— (2010) Modern Greece: a history since 1821; Oxford; Wiley-Blackwell.


Kotsakis; K. (1991) ‘The powerful past: theoretical trends in Greek archaeology’; in I. Hodder (ed.) Archaeological Theory in Europé. The last 3 decades; London: Routledge.


—— (2007) ‘Byzantium and the Avant-Garde. Excavations at Corinth; 1920s -1930s’; Hesperia; 76: 391-442.


Kourkoutidou-Nikolaidou; ?. And Tourta; ?. (2002) ‘Permanent Exhibition’; I Kathimerini; Epta Imeres; 5 May [in Greek].


Kremmydas; V. (2010) The Great Idea. Metamorphoses of a national ideological construction; Athens; Typothito [in Greek].


Kunze; E. (1968) ‘Christos Karouzos’; Jarbuch den Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften; 1- 11.


Kyriakidou-Nestoros; A. (1993) Folklore studies; Athens: Poreia [in Greek].


Lada-Minotou; M. 1995; ‘Brief history of the foundation of the first ethnological museum in Greece and its contribution to preserving artifacts from our traditional culture’; in The Role of Ethnographical Museums within a United Europé (Athens; 1-5 Oct. 1992); Proceedings; Athens; Greek Society of Ethnographical Museology.


Lappas; ?. (1982) The 100 years of the Historical and Ethnographical Society and its Museum 1882-1982; Athens: Historical and Ethnographical Society.


Leondaritis; G. (1983) ‘Hellenism and Internationalism: political ideology’; in D. Tsaoussis (ed.) Hellenism and Greekness. Ideological and Experiential Axes of Greek Society; Athens: Hestia [in Greek].


Leontis; A. (1995) Topographies of Hellenism: Mapping the Homeland; Ithaca; NY: Cornell University Press.


Liakos; A. (2004) ‘Modern Greek historiography (1974-2000). The era of transition from Dictatorship to Democracy’; in U. Brunbauer (ed.) (Re)Writing History. Historiography in Southeast Europé after Socialism; Munster: LIT Verlag.


Liakos; A. (2008) ‘Hellenism and the making of modern Greece: time; language; space’; in K. Zacharia (ed.) Hellenisms. Culture; Identity; and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity; Aldershot: Ashgate.


Loukatos; D. (1992) Introduction to Greek Folklore; 4rth ed; Athens: MIET [in Greek].


Louvi-Kizi; A. (2002) ‘Hours of Byzantium in the city of Mystras’; I Kathimerini; 26 May [in Greek].


Mackridge; P. (2008) ‘Cultural difference as national identity in modern Greece’; in K.


Zacharia (ed.) Hellenisms. Culture; Identity; and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity; Aldershot; Ashgate.


—— (2010) Language and National Identity in Greece; 1766-1976; Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Mazarakis_Ainian; I. (1994) ‘The museum’s history’; Special Issue: The National Historical Museum; I Kathimerini; Epta Imeres; 15 May [in Greek].


Megas; G. (1974) ‘Inauguration of the Museum of Greek Folk Art’; Laografia ?T: 379-81 [in Greek].


MGFA (2007) ‘Popi Zora.“For me it was my life”; video produced in honour of Popi Zora by the Museum of Greek Folk Culture [in Greek].


Morris; I. (1994) Classical Greece: Ancient Histories and Modern Archaeologies; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Mouliou; M. (1996) ‘Ancient Greece; its classical heritage and the modern Greeks: aspects of nationalism in museum exhibitions’; in J. Atkinson; et al. (eds) Nationalism and Archaeology; Scottish Archaeological Forum.


—— (1998) ‘The protection of archaeological heritage in Greece’; in M. Phelan; G. Edson and K. P. Mayfield (eds) The Law of Cultural Property and Natural Heritage: protection; transfer and access; Evanston; Ill.; Kalos Kapp Press.


—— (2008) ‘Museum representations of the classical past in post-war Greece: a critical analysis’; in D. Damaskos and D. Plantzos (eds) A Singular Antiquity. Archaeology and Hellenic Identity in twentieth-century Greece; Athens: Mouseio Benaki.


—— (2009) ‘The concept of diachronia in the Greek archaeological museum: reflections on current challenges’; in J. Bintliff and H. Stöger (eds) Medieval and Post-Medieval Greece. The Corfu Papers; BAR International Series 2023; Oxford: Archaeopress.


Nikiforidou; A. (2009) ‘Man and Tools. An interpretative approach to the new exhibition of the Museum of Greek Folk Art’; in Man and Tools. Aspects of labor in the preindustrial world; Exhibition catalogue; Athens: Ministry of Culture & Museum of Greek Folk Art.


Nikolaidou; M. and Kokkinidou; D. (1998) ‘Greek women in archaeology. An untold story’; in M. Diaz-Andreu and M.L. Stig Sørensen (eds) Excavating Women. A History of Women in European Archaeology; London: Routledge.


Nystazopoulou-Pelekidou; M. (1994) ‘Byzantine historical studies in Greece. From S. Zambelios to D. Zakythinos’; Vyzantina Symmeikta; 9?: 153-76 [in Greek].


Pantzou; N. (2011) ‘Bearers of traumatic historical memory: the Museum of the Ai Stratis Political Exiled in Athens’; Tetradia Mouseiologias; 7: 49-55 [in Greek].


Papadopoulos; S. (2002) “Hours of Byzantium”; the great turn’; I Kathimerini; 27 January [in Greek].


—— (2004) ‘In pursuit of time lost’; I Kathimerini; 15 August [in Greek].


Papazoglou-Manioudaki; L. (2010) ‘Metamorphoses through time. The redisplay of the Prehistoric collection of the National Archaeological Museum’; Archaeologia kai Technes; 114; 106-11 [in Greek].


Pearce; S. (1992) Museums; Objects and Collections: A Cultural Study; Leicester: Leicester University Press.


Petrakos; V. (1987) The Archaeological Society at Athens 1837-1987; Athens: Archaeological Society at Athens [in Greek].


—— (2007) The 170 years of the Archaeological Society at Athens; Athens: Archaeological Society at Athens [in Greek].


—— (1995) The Adventure of Greek Archaeology in the Life of Christos Karouzos; Athens: Archaeological Society at Athens [in Greek].


Philadelfeus; A. (1935) The Museums of Athens; Athens.


Philippidis; D. (1999) Greek Design and Decoration: three centuries of architectural style; New York: Harry N Abrams.


Plantzos; D. (2008) ‘Archaeology and Hellenic identity; 1896-2004: the frustrated vision’; in D. Damaskos and D. Plantzos (eds) A Singular Antiquity. Archaeology and Hellenic Identity in twentieth-century Greece; Athens: Mouseio Benaki.


Polites; A. (1993) Romantic Years. Ideologies and Mentalities in Greece 1830-1880; Athens: Mnimon [in Greek].


Proskynitopoulou; R. (2010) National Archaeological Museum. The redisplay of the Bronzes Collection’; Archaeologia kai Technes; 116: 85-92 [in Greek].


Rizospastis (2003) ‘National Archaeological Museum. A dispute among architects about the interventions’; Rizospastis; 12 September [in Greek].


Romaiou-Karastamati; E. (1995) ‘The Museum of Greek Folk Art and its role in the organization of Greek folk museums’; in The Role of Ethnographical Museums within a United Europé (Athens; 1-5 Oct. 1992); Proceedings; Athens: Greek Society of Ethnographical Museology.


—— (2009) ‘Forward’; in Man and Tools. Aspects of labor in the pre-industrial world; Exhibition catalogue; Athens; Ministry of Culture & Museum of Greek Folk Art.


Romiopoulou; ?. (1995) The new wing of Roman sculpture in the NAM; Archaiologia kai Technes; 56: 107-108 [in Greek].


—— (1997) ‘The contribution of Semni Karouzou in the redisplay of the sculptures collections of the national archaeological museum’; in Memory of Semni Karouzou; Athens: National Archaeological Museum and ICOM-Greece [in Greek].


Sakellariou; ?. (1987) ‘Christos Karouzos and the prehistoric collection of the National Museum’; Nea Estia; 122: 1444; 1136-38 [in Greek].


Seferis; G. (1986) Days; V; January 1945 - April 1951; Athens: Ikaros [in Greek].


Soteriou; G. (1924) A Guide to the Byzantine Museum in Athens; Athens [in Greek].


—— (1931a) ‘The Byzantine Museum’; Nea Estia; 108: 649-51 [in Greek].


—— (1931b) A Guide to the Byzantine Museum in Athens; Athens [in Greek].


Stathis; P. (2007) ‘Historical culture and constructed memory. The secret schools’; in Myths and Ideological Construction in Contemporary Greece; Athens: Society of Studies of Neo-Hellenic Culture and General Education.


Stavridi-Patrikiou; R. (1999) Language; Education and Politics; Athens; Olkos [in Greek].


—— (2000) Demoticism and the Social Problem; 2nd edn; Athens: Hestia [in Greek].


—— (2010) The Fears of a Century; Athens: Metaichmio [in Greek].


Theocharis; D. (1984) ‘Special collections or museums of special orientation’; in Proceedings; First Congress (Athens 30/3/1976 - 3/4/1967); Athens; Association of Greek Archaeologists [in Greek].


?ouloupa; ?. (1997) ‘The antiquities during the Occupation’; I Kathimerini; Epta Imeres; 18 ?ay [in Greek].


Toundassaki; I. (2003) ‘Anthropology and Folklore: from mutual indifference to the conditional acceptance of reciprocal benefits’; dokimes; 11-12: 7-63 [in Greek].


Toundassaki; I. and Caftantzoglou; R. (2005) ‘Narrations de l’identité culturelle grecque. Les trois musées nationaux d’Athènes’; Ethnologie Française XXXVII: 229-42.


Toundassaki; I.; Caftantzoglou; R. and Frydakis; M. (2005) ‘History; structure and operation of the three national museums in Athens’; Tetradia Mouseiologias; 2: 71-73 [in Greek].


Tourna; ?. (2010) ‘National Archaeological Museum. The redisplay of the Egyptian collection’; Archaeologia kai Technes; 115: 90-94 [in Greek].


Triantafyllou; M. (2011) ‘Gypsies at the Byzantine Museum. An exhibition on Greek Roma’; I epochi online; 6 June. Online. Available at: http://www.epohi.gr/portal/politismos/9657- %CE%A4%CE%A3%CE%99%CE%93%CE%93%CE%91%CE%9D%CE%9F%CE% 99-%CE%A3%CE%A4%CE%9F- %CE%92%CE%A5%CE%96%CE%91%CE%9D%CE%A4%CE%99%CE%9D%CE% 9F-%CE%9C%CE%9F%CE%A5%CE%A3%CE%95%CE%99%CE%9F


Tziovas; D. (1989) Metamorphoses of Nationism and the Ideological Construction of Greekness in the inter-war period; Athens: Odysseas [in Greek].


—— (2007) ‘Greekness and the thirties generation’; cogito; 6: 6-9 [in Greek].


—— (2008) ‘Reconfiguring the past: antiquity and Greekness’; in D. Damaskos and D. Plantzos (eds) A Singular Antiquity. Archaeology and Hellenic Identity in twentieth-century Greece; Athens: Mouseio Benaki.


Vatopoulos; N. (2003) ‘Archaeological Museum with no vision’; I Kathimerini; 21 September [in Greek].


Vatopoulos; N. (2004) ‘A vision that was not fulfilled’; I Kathimerini; 21 March [in Greek].


Veloudis; G. (1982) Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer and the Genesis of Greek Historicism; Athens: EMNE-MNIMON.


Vemi; B. and Nakou; I. (eds) (2010) Museums and Education; Athens: nissos [in Greek].


Vlahoyanni; E. (2010) ‘National Archaeological Museum. The sculptures collection’; Archaeologia kai Technes; 115: 83-89 [in Greek].


Vitti; M. (2000) The Thirties Generation. Ideology and form; 5th edn; Athens: Hermes [in Greek].


Voudouri; D. (2003) The State and Museums. The institutional frame for the operation of archaeological museums; Athens: Sakoulas [in Greek].


—— (2010) ‘Law and the politics of the past: legal protection of cultural heritage in Greece’; International Journal of Cultural Property; 17: 547-68.


Voutsaki; S. (2003) ‘Archaeology and the Construction of the Past in Nineteenth Century Greece’; in H. Hokwerda (ed.) Constructions of Greek Past. Identity and Historical Consciousness from Antiquity to the Present; Groningen; Egbert Forsten.


Weitzamnn; K. (1947) ‘Byzantine art and scholarship in America’; American Journal of Archaeology; 51/4; 394-418.


Xydakis; ?. 2004; ‘Mr. Venizelos’ “National” crime’; I Kathimerini; 21 March [in Greek].


Yanoulopoulos; Y. (1999) ‘Our noble blindness’ Foreign policy and ‘national issues’ from the 1879 defeat to the Asia Minor catastrophe; Athens: Vivliorama [in Greek].


Zakythinos; D. A. (1962) ‘La synthèse Byzantine dans l’ antithèse Orient-Occident’; Actes du Colloque International des Civilisations Balkaniques; Sinaia.


Zervoudaki; H. (1997) ‘Semni Karouzos’ exhibition of vases’; in Memory of Semni Karouzou; Athens: National Archaeological Museum and ICOM-Greece [in Greek].

Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1

Author:
Andromache Gazi
Title:
National museums in Greece: History; Ideology; Narratives
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
No citations available at the moment