Article | Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1 | Making National Museums in Europe - a comparative approach

Title:
Making National Museums in Europe - a comparative approach
Author:
Peter Aronsson: Tema Kultur och samhälle, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings Universitet, Sweden Gabriella Elgenius: Institutionen för samhälle och kultur, Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings Universitet, Sweden
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2011
Conference:
Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1
Issue:
064
Article no.:
002
Pages:
5-20
No. of pages:
16
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2011-09-30
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


Export in BibTex, RIS or text

National museums refer to those institutions; collections and displays claiming; articulating and representing dominant national values; myths and realities. From this perspective; national museums can hereby be explored as historic and contemporary processes of negotiations and values that constitute the basis for national communities and state-formations. National museums have thus become significant within arenas of negotiation and consolidation of new answers to questions ultimately linked to nationhood; citizenship and the role of the nation within a system of other nations. We argue here that national representation and representations of nations; as negotiated by national museums; provide a contribution to shaping and representing the socio-political community. Moreover; the fundamental properties of nations and states; perceived of as legitimate and factual representations of the world; are presenting the nation within a political system of other nations. Once established; national museums become a cultural asset and force unto themselves that are to be regarded and rearranged but seldom destroyed by new socio-political groups and visions. The longevity of their existence across periods of political change provides one of the powerful features of the institution.

Some periods and contexts have; in particular; been conducive to museum-building such as the intensive demand for national museums that followed in the wake of the Napoleonic wars with the creation of national states; justifying autonomy of the state on the basis of national distinctiveness and uniqueness. As a result; regional differences within nations were rearranged in order to fit with such affiliations and promote new loyalties. The notion of a western civilisation and western values were also nationalized in the process of museum making in Europe resulting in different interpretations of universal; national and transnational values and identifications. It is within such contexts; among many; that a study of national museums - as a means of representing high culture; values and national pride - provide illuminating and comparative data on the many related processes of nationalisation.

The aim of the EuNaMus research programme is to to illuminate gaps in existing research by adding a crucial comparative perspective to the study of national museums. We are hereby presenting the first comprehensive overview over national museums in Europe and outline the basis of comparative elements and significant variables. In a comparative light and as a rule; the trajectories of the European national museums provide an account of the parallel interactions between museum; nation and state and give witness to the long standing relevance of national museums as constituent components of what will be analysed as negotiated cultural constitutions. It is through these that nations have expressed a yearning for a golden and legitimate past. Attempting to balance such perceived needs for continuity with the increased diversity and difference of the contemporary world turns the notion of a unified agenda of the future into a challenge.

Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1

Author:
Peter Aronsson, Gabriella Elgenius
Title:
Making National Museums in Europe - a comparative approach
References:

Aronsson; P. (2008) ’Comparing National Museums: Methodological Reflections’; in Aronsson; P. and Nyblom; A. (eds) Comparing: National Museums; Territories; Nation- Building and Change; Link√∂ping: Link√∂ping University Electronic Press; 5-20.


Aronsson; P. (2011) ’Explaining National Museums. Exploring comparative approaches to the study of national museums’; in Knell; S. J.; Aronsson; P. and Amundsen; A. (eds) National Museums. New Studies from around the World; London: Routledge; 29-54.


Aronsson; P. and Elgenius; G. (eds) (2013) A History of the National Museum in Europe 1750- 2010: In prep.


Aronsson; P. and Nyblom; A. (eds) (2008) Comparing: national museums; territories; nationbuilding and change. NaMu IV; Linköping University; Norrköping; Sweden 18-20 February 2008 : conference proceedings; Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press.


Bloch; M. (1953) ’Toward a Comparative History of European Societies’; in Lane; F. C. (ed.) Enterprise and Secular Change. London.


Brubaker; R. (2009) ’Ethnicity; Race; and Nationalism’; Annual Review of Sociology; 35(1): 21-42.


Elgenius; G. (2011a) ’The Politics of Recognition: Symbols; Nation-building and Rival Nationalism’; Nations & Nationalism; 17(2).


Elgenius; G. (2011b) Symbols of nations and nationalism : celebrating nationhood; Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.


Gellner; E. (1999) Nationalism; Nora: Nya Doxa.


Hroch; M. (2000) Social preconditions of national revival in Europe: a comparative analysis of the social composition of patriotic groups among the smaller European nations; New York: Columbia Univ. Press.


Inglehart; R. and Welzel; C. (2005) Modernization; cultural change; and democracy: the human development sequence; New York: Cambridge University Press.


Koselleck; R. (1985) Futures past: on the semantics of historical time; Cambridge; Mass.: MIT Press.


Landman; T. (2007) Issues and methods in comparative politics : an introduction; London: Routledge.


Mathur; S. (2005) ’Museums and Globalization’; Anthropological Quarterly; 78(3): 697-708.


Ragin; C. C. (1987) The comparative method : moving beyond qualitative and quantitative strategies; Berkeley: University of California Press.


Rokkan; S. and Campbell; A. (1970) Citizens; elections; parties : approaches to the comparative study of the processes of development; Oslo.


Skocpol; T. and Somers; M. (1980) ’The Uses of Comparative History in Macrosocial Inquiry’; Comparative studies in society and history: 174-197.


Tilly; C. (1984) Big structures; large processes; huge comparisons; New York: Russell Sage Foundation.


Tilly; C. (1990) Coercion; capital; and European states; AD 990-1990; Oxford ; Cambridge; Mass.: Blackwell.


Tilly; C. (2004) Contention and democracy in Europe; 1650-2000; London ; New York: Cambridge University Press.


Tilly; C. (ed.) (1975) The formation of national states in Western Europe; Princeton; N.J.: Princeton U.P.

Building National Museums in Europe 1750-2010. Conference proceedings from EuNaMus; European National Museums: Identity Politics; the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen; Bologna 28-30 April 2011. EuNaMus Report No. 1

Author:
Peter Aronsson, Gabriella Elgenius
Title:
Making National Museums in Europe - a comparative approach
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
No citations available at the moment