Today; Multatuli (1820-1887) is considered as one of the most important Dutch writers. His stance towards literature; however; was highly ambivalent. At the one hand; he realised that writing fiction was the best way to gain personal and political attention. At the same time; he highly mistrusted the instrument of (sentimental) fiction to engage readers. The same ambivalence dominates his presentation as a writer: Multatuli mythologized himself; but he also argued for a sincere; âauthenticâ writership. In my presentation; I want to analyze these seemly contradictory ideas about fictionalizing the world and the self. Some concepts in literary sociology; such as âpostureâ (JĂ©rĂŽme Meizoz) or âthe double life of writersâ (Bernard Lahire) help to understand the logic of Multatuliâs ideas about fiction.