This article focuses on the museum landscape of S√łnderjylland/Schleswig and the discourses on cultural heritage which are connected to it. The interpretations of regional museum exhibitions on both sides of the border ‚Äď and therefore the issue of cultural heritage in public space as well ‚Äď are of central significance for the region¬īs history since the middle of the 19th century. It can be observed that the exhibitions dealing with regional history have been exploited for different political purposes again and again. Focused on the museum landscape of the region the article shows that there is a close relation between the concepts of ‚Äúborder‚ÄĚ; ‚Äúspace‚ÄĚ and ‚Äúmaterial cultural heritage‚ÄĚ. I argue that this approach enables us to draw conclusions of the importance of supposedly peripheral regions for national and collective identities. Following historian Peter Sahlins who pleaded for analyzing borders from the perspective of the frontier and not the national centre; I emphasize that in particular the German-Danish border region and the struggle over it holds an important significance beyond regional dimensions and contributes to the forming of identity for the entire nation.