Article | World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden | Interactions Between Selected Energy Use and Production Characteristics of German Manufacturing Plants Linköping University Electronic Press Conference Proceedings
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Title:
Interactions Between Selected Energy Use and Production Characteristics of German Manufacturing Plants
Author:
Sebastian Petrick: Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel, Germany Katrin Rehdanz: Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel, Germany \ Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany Ulrich Wagner: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
DOI:
10.3384/ecp11057867
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2011
Conference:
World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden
Issue:
057
Article no.:
016
Pages:
867-874
No. of pages:
8
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2011-11-03
ISBN:
978-91-7393-070-3
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


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This paper analyzes the interactions between a number of key energy characteristics of German industrial plants in 2006; using an exceptionally rich dataset comprising more than 44 000 plants. Already by using basic descriptive statistical techniques we find that larger energy users tend to use energy less efficiently. This correlation is particularly prevalent in sectors with high energy intensity. We identify an energy mix effect as the main driver of this interrelation; since larger energy consumers tend to use less electricity in relation to other fuels; and electricity can be deployed more efficiently. The energy mix effect is also one of the reasons behind a negative correlation between energy intensity and the emission factor. From the correlation between plant-level energy intensity and gross output; we infer on the existence of increasing and decreasing returns to energy. We identify increasing returns

Keywords: Energy intensity; Emission factor; Manufacturing; Microdata

World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Author:
Sebastian Petrick, Katrin Rehdanz, Ulrich Wagner
Title:
Interactions Between Selected Energy Use and Production Characteristics of German Manufacturing Plants
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp11057867
References:

[1] IEA (International Energy Agency); World Energy Balances; 2008.

[2] IEA (International Energy Agency); CO2 emissions from fuel combustion; 2009.

[3] S. Petrick; K. Rehdanz and U. J. Wagner; Energy Use Patterns in German Industry: Evidence from Plant-level Data; Journal of Economics and Statistics; forthcoming.

[4] K. Gillingham; R. G. Newell and K. Palmer; Energy Efficiency Economics and Policy; Annual Review of Resource Economics 1; 2009; pp. 597-619. doi: 10.1146/annurev.resource.102308.124234.

[5] FDZ (Forschungsdatenzentrum der Statistischen Ämter der Länder); AFiD-Panel Industriebetriebe der Jahre 2003-2006; own calculations.

[6] FDZ (Forschungsdatenzentrum der Statistischen Ämter der Länder); AFiD-Modul Energieverwendung der Jahre 2003-2006; own calculations.

[7] AGEB (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen); Energy Balances for the Federal Republic of Germany; 2009; http://www.ag-energiebilanzen.de/viewpage.php?idpage=63; accessed September 4; 2010.

[8] Umweltbundesamt; Tables with the derived CO2 Emission Factors for the German Athmospheric Emission Reporting 1990-2008 (Version: EU-Submission 15.01.2010).

[9] Umweltbundesamt; Entwicklung der spezifischen Kohlendioxid-Emissionen des deutschen Strommix; 2007.

World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Author:
Sebastian Petrick, Katrin Rehdanz, Ulrich Wagner
Title:
Interactions Between Selected Energy Use and Production Characteristics of German Manufacturing Plants
DOI:
https://doi.org10.3384/ecp11057867
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