This highlights the fact that many houses are not equipped to ensure either the safety or the wellbeing of older residents; since they have not been adapted to cater for the changes brought about by old age. A study made in Florence looked at modifications made to the houses of elderly people suffering from the first stages of Alzheimers disease. The aim of the study was to provide tools that the elderly themselves or family members could utilise to check the adequacy of their living environments; and to make changes with or without the support of an architect. A methodology was developed for managing the participation of users (in this case the elderly residents; families; visitors; and caregivers) in the remodelling process of the housing. The study was conducted through interviews; questionnaires and focus groups. Positive aspects of the participatory process are explained; as well as the difficulties encountered.
Proceedings of the Sustaining Everyday Life Conference: April 22â€“24 2009; Campus NorrkĂ¶ping; Sweden
Arnstein; S. R.; A Ladder of Citizen Participation; in American Institute of Planners; Journal of the American Institute of Planners; 35(4); July 1969; pp. 216â€“224. Boston 1969.
Censis; Gli anziani e la salute [Health and the Elderly]; Congress in Rome; 22 Sep. 2004.
Cresme; Ancan-Legacoop; La questione abitativa e il mercato della casa in Italia [The housing market in Italy]. in Casacoop News; No.8; Jan. 2006.
Ellin; N.; Participatory Architecture on the Parisian Periphery: Lucien Kroll’s Vignes Blanches. Journal of Architectural Education 53(3) (February 2000); pp.178â€“183.
Hanson; J.; Decoding Homes and Houses. Cambridge University Press; 2003.
Istat; Gli incidenti domestici [Domestic accidents]; Indagine multiscopo; Rome 2001.
Istat; Famiglia abitazioni e zone in cui si vive [Families; Housing and Areas where we live]; Indagine multiscopo; Rome; 2003.
Jappelli T.; Christelis D.; Padula M.; Health and portfolio composition in SHARE; in Health; Ageing and Retirement in Europe; Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Ageing; April 2005.
Kroll; L.; Mikellides; B.; Can architecture be taught? in JAE; 35(1) With people in mind: the architect-teacher at work; Autumn 1982; pp.36â€“39.
Kroll; L.; Interview made by Valentina Santi during a visit to his Atelier of Architecture; Spring 2009.
Rahnema M.; Participation; in Sachs W.; The development dictionary: a guide to knowledge as power; Zed books; London 1992.
Regione Toscana e Centro Interuniversitario Tesis; Architettura per lâ€™Alzheimer [Architecture for Alzheimerâ€™s]; Vol. 1 and 2; Regione Toscana ed.; Florence; 2002.
Sanoff; H.; Participatory Design â€“ theory & techniques; Bookmasters Inc.; Raleigh 1990.
Sanoff; H.; Community Participation Methods in Design and Planning; John Wiley & Sons; New York; 2000.
Santi V.; Visioni Sfumate [Shaded Visions]; (ed.) Regione Toscana â€“ Florence; 2004.
Santi V.; Casa Alzheimer â€“ Guida [House for Alzheimerâ€™s â€“ a guide]; in Tecnica Ospedaliera Magazine â€“ Milan; 2005.
Santi V.; Lâ€™ambiente domestico per persone affette da demenza senile [The domestic environment for elderly people affected by dementia] in Lâ€™Alzheimer; AIMA Magazine; Florence; 2006.
Santi V.; Residenze e servizi per anziani [Residential Housing and Services for the Elderly] in Atlante dellâ€™alloggio sociale e dellâ€™accoglienza in Toscana; Bandecchi & Vivaldi (ed.); Pisa; 2006.
Tatano V.; Progettare la sicurezza domestica - verso un rapporto tra uomo e casa [Planning domestic safety â€“ towards a relation between man and house]; Maggioli ed.; Rimini 1998.
Uspel (Rome Municipality) and Ecosfera; â€śLe ragioni della partecipazione nei processi di trasformazione urbana: I costi dellâ€™esclusione di alcuni attori locali [Reasons for participation in urban transformation processes: the costs of excluding local actors].â€ť; Grafiche Chicca snc; quaderni â€śLa cittĂ intelligenteâ€ť; Rome 2001.
Whyte; W.F.; Participatory Action Research; Sage Publications; Newbury Park; CA; 1991.