National museums in the UK have the longest history in the world while national museums in Taiwan are still growing in number. This research uses a historical review to investigate the development of national museums in the UK and Taiwan. A product life cycle (PLC) method helps to explain the situation of their evolution. Several influential factors provide some more insights of how these national museums were created and transformed.
Some similarities and differences between national museums in the two nations are depicted for further understanding of the present situation. Consequently; the result has shown that national museums are deeply embedded in the outside environment and need to observe changes and respond to challenges. It is the key point for their sustainability for the future.