Article | Comparing: National Museums; Territories; Nation-Building and Change. NaMu IV; Linköping University; Norrköping; Sweden 18-20 February 2008 | On Maps; Abused Virgins and Nations: Anti Communist Memorial Museums in Hungary and Romania

Title:
On Maps; Abused Virgins and Nations: Anti Communist Memorial Museums in Hungary and Romania
Author:
Gabriela Nicolescu Cristea: University of London, UK
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2008
Conference:
Comparing: National Museums; Territories; Nation-Building and Change. NaMu IV; Linköping University; Norrköping; Sweden 18-20 February 2008
Issue:
030
Article no.:
004
Pages:
59-69
No. of pages:
11
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2008-05-20
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


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In this paper I compare two museums in Hungary and Romania which exhibit communism or better say; anti-communism; a subject with a strong importance for defining national identity in Eastern European countries. House of Terror Museum in Budapest; Hungary and The Memorial of The Victims of Communism and of the Resistance in Sighetul Marmatiei; Romania are two memorial museums which ‚Äúrepresent‚ÄĚ the victimized and suffering nations ‚Äďpresented to the nowadays young generation as being abused virgins of their political past context- during communist times. Under this victimizatory discourse one can difficultly grab an essentialized fascist version of the past: same spots of terror and death for both terror regimes; fascism and communism became places of commemoration only for the victims of one: namely communism.

This work in-progress focuses mainly on a material-cultural analysis of maps and objects in exhibition rooms; images and texts presented on museums‚Äô web-sites. Since in the last hundred years; these two neighbour countries debated a lot on territories; population and history; the comparison between the two strong narrations on the recent pasts inside these two memorial-museums; is revelatory on the way ‚Äúillusionary‚ÄĚ national identities are discursively staged and narrativized. Underneath the anti-communist victimizatory narrative in these two eastern European Countries one can discover fragmented parts of the Holocaust

Comparing: National Museums; Territories; Nation-Building and Change. NaMu IV; Linköping University; Norrköping; Sweden 18-20 February 2008

Author:
Gabriela Nicolescu Cristea
Title:
On Maps; Abused Virgins and Nations: Anti Communist Memorial Museums in Hungary and Romania
References:

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Burawoy, Michael and Katherine Verdery. 1998. “Introduction” Pp.1-17 in Uncertain Tradition: Ethnographies of Change in the Postsocialist world, edited by Michael Burawoy and Katherine Verdery. Lanham, MD:Rowman&Littlefield.


Connerton, Paul. 1989. How Societies Remember, Cambride University Press, Cambridge.


Deletant, Dennis. 2006. Romania under Communist Rule, Civic academy Foundation, Bucharest.


Nora, Pierre. 1984. Les Lieux de memoire. La Nation. Gallimard, Paris.


Rev, Istvan. 2005. Retroactive Justice. Prehistory of Post ‚ÄďCommunism. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.


Szakacs, Judit. The House of Horrorterm paper, unpublished.


Volovici, Leon. 1991. Nationalist Ideology and Antisemitism. The case of Romanian Intellectuals in the 1930s. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Comparing: National Museums; Territories; Nation-Building and Change. NaMu IV; Linköping University; Norrköping; Sweden 18-20 February 2008

Author:
Gabriela Nicolescu Cristea
Title:
On Maps; Abused Virgins and Nations: Anti Communist Memorial Museums in Hungary and Romania
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