In a similar way there have been a lot of interventions in developmental programs at macro; meso as well as micro levels. Most change initiatives where directed by welleducated people and built upon lot of theories; models; tools and methods. They all had the ambition to improve but too often they where shortcoming. Sometimes; the initiatives even ended up with anxiety; unemployment; bankruptcy; depressions and even suicide.
If the purpose of academics is to contribute with knowledge to the progress of our society; we may ask if it is enough with the knowledge production stemming from the natural sciences and the humanities. With respect to the use of technology as well as the shortcoming change initiatives; we might need something else that (at least) could serve as a complement. We need a search for scientific innovations that increase the ability to support the progress of the good society by making technology better and change initiatives successful. Such search may not mean more theories and models. Sumantra Goshal indicated in the title â€śBad Management Theories Are Destroying Good Management Practiceâ€ť (2005) that we may need a practical science so academics can fulfill their mission to contribute with knowledge to the progress of civilization. Such science might be described as a science for the art and practice of value creation for the good and sustainable society. Then we can state that we need a scientific innovation that could help us to design the good and sustainable society.
The purpose of this paper is therefor to introduce the reader to the Sciences of the Artificial (SA) and relate it to Quality Sciences (QS) as a possible component in a â€śdesignâ€ť in the same way as â€śexplanationâ€ť for Natural Sciences (NS) and â€śinterpretationâ€ť for Humanities (H).
SA is a science for artifacts; which â€śstands for all forms of humanly designed; socially objectified[/objectifiable] vehicles of functional meaningâ€ť (Beckman (2002; p.45); which is a definition I will use in my work. Artifacts are exemplified by Dahlbom (2002; p.9): â€śTheories; ideologies; paintings; songs; gardens; cities; families; professions; persons; languages; social organizations; cultures; tools; machine systems; and nations; are all artifactsâ€ť. Due to the interest of the quality of products and services; SA might be of interest for TQM. As a complement to the NS and the H; SA might broaden the field of QS and contribute to a design orientation.
Keywords: Artifact; design; innovation; practice; science