Sulukule is the oldest and most continuous Roma settlement in this part of the world according to historians; a neighbourhood along the historical Byzantine city walls where a group of Roma lived over the centuries; a significant proportion of whom had made a profession of playing; singing and dancing to the middle classes in Istanbul. Though largely peripheral to the life of the city within whose borders they lived and worked; and largely ignored if not discriminated against by the city dwellers; occasionally they ‚Äúattracted the attention‚ÄĚ of the local politicians; the military and/or the municipalities.
Here I will focus on the dynamics of identity formation processes among Sulukule Roma; and the exchanging of Roma-‚ÄúGypsy‚ÄĚ for ‚ÄúMoslem‚ÄĚ identity while simultaneously deliberating on why religious belonging; fairly new though it may be; overrides ethnicit
Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007
Balibar; Etienne; We; the People of Europe? Reflections on Transnational Citizenship; New Jersey; Princeton Univ Press; 2004.
CEDIME-Se; The minorities in South East Europe; The Roma from Romania; The Centre for Documentation and Information About the Minorities in Europe; CEDIME-SE; 2000.
Csepeli; Gy√∂rgy & Simon; David; ‚ÄúConstruction of Roma identity in Eastern and Central Europe: Perception and Self Identification‚ÄĚ; Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies; vol. 30; No. 1; Jan. 2004; pp. 129-150.
Covrig; Anca; ‚ÄúWhy Roma do not declare their identity?‚ÄĚ; JSRI; No. 8; Summer; 2004. (Also: http://www.jsri.ro/old/html%20version/index/no_8/ancacovrig-articol.htm).
Farmer; Paul; Bourgois; Philippe; Scheper-Hughes; Nancy; Fassin; Didier; Green; Linda; Heggenhougen; H. K.; Kirmayer; Laurence; Wacquant; Lo√Įc; Current Anthropology; volume 45 (2004); pp. 305‚Äď325.
Farmer; Paul; ‚ÄúOn Suffering and Structural Violence: A View from Below‚ÄĚ in The Anthropology of Politics; Joan Vincent; ed.; Malden MA; Blackwell; 2002; 424-437.
Farmer; Paul; ‚ÄúA horribly interesting reality‚ÄĚ; 2001. www.nettime.org.
Galtung; Johan; Violence and its Causes; Paris; UNESCO; 1981.
Galtung; Johan; Hoivik; Tord; ‚ÄúStructural and direct violence: A note on operationalization‚ÄĚ Journal of Peace Research; Vol. 8; No. 1; 1971; pp. 73-76.
Grigore; Delia; ‚ÄúThe Romanian right and the ‚Äėstrange‚Äô Roma‚ÄĚ in http://www.opendemocracy.net/content/articles/PDF/1387.pdf; 2003.
Kovats; Martin; ‚ÄúThe Politics of Roma Identity: between nationalism and destitution‚ÄĚ in www.opendemocracy.net; 30 July 2003.
Liegeois; Jean-Pierre; Roma; Tsiganes; Voyagers; Conseil De L‚ÄôEurope; 1994.
MacGregor; Felipe E.; S. J; and Rubio C.; Marcial; ‚ÄúRejoinder to the theory of structural violence‚ÄĚ; Rejoinder to the theory of structural violence‚ÄĚ in The Culture of Violence; Kumar Rupesinghe and S. J. Marcial; Rubio; C. eds.; Tokyo; The United Nations University Press; 1994; pp.42-58.
Marushiakova; Eleni and Popov; Vesselin; Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire; Hertfordshire; Univ of Hertfordshire Press; 2001.
Rummel; R.J.; Death by Government; New Brunswick; NJ; Transaction; 1996.
Schultz; Emily A.; and Lavenda; Robert H.; Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition; Oxford; University Press; 2005; 133-136.