Article | Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007 | Analysis of Racialization in Sweden: The Case of Immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa

Title:
Analysis of Racialization in Sweden: The Case of Immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa
Author:
Jonathan Ngeh: Department of Sociology, University of Umeå, Sweden
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2007
Conference:
Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007
Issue:
025
Article no.:
046
Pages:
433-442
No. of pages:
10
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2007-11-27
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


Cross border migration can easily result in exclusion when it produces an “undesired” immigrant population. Many scholars exploring this problem in Sweden argue that it is racism. I use the analytical framework for analysing racism by Anthony Marx to shed some light on this argument. This is important because Sweden has a reputation as a champion of equality and it is only recently that claims about racism have surfaced in the country. Anthony Marx views racism as a dynamic process that develops from a combination of institutional/structural forces and the actions of agents. He also considers racism to be historically embedded and tied to developments of the modern nation state. I use his framework to analyze social relations between “native Swedes” and immigrants from Africa. I argue that the discourse of the nation state and the significance of boundary marking have created a sense of belonging in Sweden which portrays immigrants from many non-European countries as the Other. In addition; these immigrants appear to be the exclusive targets of institutionalised practices of exclusion. However; their actions have not yielded a uniform racial identity from below and as such inhibits the consolidation of the process.

Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007

Author:
Jonathan Ngeh
Title:
Analysis of Racialization in Sweden: The Case of Immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa
References:

Abiri; E; The securitisation of migration: toward an understanding of migration policy changes in the 1990s:the case of Sweden; (Gothenburg university: Gothenburg; 2000).


Bancroft; A; Roma and Gypsy travellers in Europe: Modernity; race; space and exclusion; (Asgate: Edinburgh; 2005).


Blank;D.& TydĂ©n;M;’Becoming multicultural? The development of a Swedish immigration policy’ in Welfare states in trouble; eds J. Granastein & S. Åkerman; (Swedish Science press: Uppsala; I995).


Bonilla-Silva; E; ‘Rethinking racism: Toward a structural interpretation’ American sociological review; 1997; Vol. 62; no.3; pp 465-480


Böcker; A. & Havinga; T; Asylum migration to the European Union: patterns of origin and destination; (Institute for the sociology of law: Nijmegen; 1998).


Davis;F; Who is black?: One nation’s definition; (The Pennsylvania State University press: Pennsylvania; 2001).


Goldberg; D; The racial state; (Blackwell: Malden; 2001).


Hall; S; ‘The question of cultural identity’ in Modernity and its futures; eds S. Hall et al; (The open university: Cambridge; 1992).


Knocke; W; ‘Integration or segregation? Immigrants population facing the labour market in Sweden’ Economic and industrial democracy (Sage: London; Thousand Oaks and New Dehli; 2000).Vol.21; pp 361-380


Kolchin; P; American Slavery; (Hill and Wang: New York; 2003).


Lithman; L; Immigration and Immigrant policy in Sweden; (The Swedish institute: Stockholm; 1987)


Markopoulou; C; Socio-cultural effects of intra-European migration: A cyclical research study in Greece and Sweden; (Department of Sociology: Gothenburg; 1981).


Marx; A; Making race and nation: a comparison of the United State; South Africa; Brazil; (Cambridge University press: Cambridge; 1998).


Miles; R; Racism; (The Open University: London; 1989).


Ministry for foreign’s affair report; Sweden in 2000-A country of migration. Past; present and future; (Bull’s printers Ltd: Halmstad; 2001).


Murdie; R. & BorgegĂ„rd; L; ‘Immigration; spatial segregation and housing segmentation of immigrants in metropolitan Stockholm; 1960-95’;Urban studies; 1998; Vol.35. no 10.


Norman; K; ‘Equality and exclusion: ‘racism’ in a Swedish town’; Ethnos; 2004; Vol. 69.no.2. pp. 204-228.


Patterson;O; Slavery and social death: A comparative study; (Harvard University Press: Cambridge; 1982).


Pred; A; Even in Sweden: Racism; racialized spaces; and the popular geographical imagination; (University of California press: Berkeley; 2000).


Rose A. M; Migrants in Europe: problems of acceptance and adjustments; (Minneapolis; 1969).


Runblom; H; ‘Special issues: Multiculturalism and diversity’; Sociology forum; 1994; Vol 9;no.4; pp. 623-640.


Schmauch;U; Den Osynliga vardagsrasismens realitet; (UmeÄ University: UmeÄ; 2006).


Wacquant; L; “Race as civic felony”. International Social Science Journal; 2005; Vol.57. no. 183; pp127-142.

Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007

Author:
Jonathan Ngeh
Title:
Analysis of Racialization in Sweden: The Case of Immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
No citations available at the moment