The Swedish state decided to build and assume the responsibility for Bona; a big âBorstalâ for bringing up âviciousâ boys 1905 â 1948. The boys from 15 to 18 years old; were sentenced by the courts for petty crimes; but got their punishments transformed to compulsory upbringing with no time limit. Their education at Bona was steered by fear of God and work discipline; officially. This is an investigation about how some of the clergymen used their privileged positions within the instiÂŹtution to construct various gender ideals; some of them more arbitrary and ambivalent than others. By practising a doing gender-perspective the different relations; representations and practices; used by the clergymen towards the boys; will be analysed. R.W. ConnellÂŽs theory on masculinities and the often contradictory processes in a gender regime will thus be illustrated.