In the Cambridge Rede Lecture of 1959; C. P. Snow expressed his thoughts on â€śThe Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolutionâ€ť. His idea of â€śthe two culturesâ€ť; described as a gap between scientists and â€śliterary intellectualsâ€ť; attracted much attention in Swedish debate from the early 1960s onwards. In this essay; I present the concept of â€śthe two culturesâ€ť as deeply grounded in Snowâ€™s personal experiences and in a British social; political and cultural climate. Furthermore; I discuss the Swedish interpretations and transfigurations of Snowâ€™s concept and; above all; how they differ from Snowâ€™s views. â€śThe two culturesâ€ť is here regarded as a concept which was discussed in relation to certain other concepts in a Swedish interpretative framework. In Sweden; â€śthe two culturesâ€ť was related to concepts like Bildung; humanism; the humanities; and science. The Swedish debate on â€śthe two culturesâ€ť often drew from historical perspectives on these concepts; and was affected by earlier influences from German intellectual traditions. These differences between Sweden and Britain; regarding cultural influences; languages and conceptions; contributed to a broader and partly different understanding of â€śthe two culturesâ€ť in Swedish debate.