Article | NaMu; Making National Museums Program; Setting the Frames; 26-28 February; Norrköping; Sweden | MiniaTurk: Culture; History; and Memory in Turkey in Post-1980s
Göm menyn

Title:
MiniaTurk: Culture; History; and Memory in Turkey in Post-1980s
Author:
Secil Yilmaz: Ataturk Institute for Modern Turkish History, Bogazici University, Turkey V. Safak Uysal: Faculty of Art Design and Architecture, Bilkent University, Turkey
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2007
Conference:
NaMu; Making National Museums Program; Setting the Frames; 26-28 February; Norrköping; Sweden
Issue:
022
Article no.:
010
Pages:
15–126
No. of pages:
12
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2007-09-19
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


Export in BibTex, RIS or text

The main purpose of this study is to be able to delineate the phenomenal changes that museum as an institution has undertaken in Turkey in the years following 1980s. In tracing these transformations; the emphasis is given to narrations of culture; memory and history. Grounded on concepts as such; the study contends with museums that invest exclusively in the organization and visualization of the information of the past and its practices – which leaves art museums; military museums and/or industrial museums outside the scope.

Our intention is to provide at first a brief outline; establishing the emergence and fundamentals of museum practices in the 19th century; so as to capture the museum at its nascent site as an institution of modernity. While tracing the initial function of the museum as encyclopedia of nation-building (ÖzyĂŒrek 2001); our focus will be on portraying the experience of the late Ottoman and early Republican periods in particular. Later on; our focus will gradually move in time with the aim of grasping how customs of “framing the nation” are transformed in the course of changing political; social and economical agendas. Grounding the framework on the crisis of space-time conceptions of modernity and the upsurge of memory practices; we will try to analyze the last twenty years of museum practices in Turkey in the light of: (1) the withdrawal of rigid cultural politics of the State on exhibition rights; (2) the changes in the narrator function; and (3) the privatization of museal projects. In tackling with the spatio-temporal reorganization of modern modes of production; we will inevitably delve into the effects of debates around globalization and multiculturalism – particularly on conservation and heritage politics. Finally; departing from the example of Miniaturk – a theme park; curating a selection of miniaturized historical and architectural pieces as a “Showcase of Turkey” – we will try to identify the neo-conservative tendencies of post-1980s’ museum practices in Turkey so as to trace the structural transformations in the space and body of the museum; along with transformations in representation strategies and power relations at work.

NaMu; Making National Museums Program; Setting the Frames; 26-28 February; Norrköping; Sweden

Author:
Secil Yilmaz, V. Safak Uysal
Title:
MiniaTurk: Culture; History; and Memory in Turkey in Post-1980s
References:

Halkevlerinin Faaliyet Raporlari Hulasasi. Istanbul: Hakimiyeti Milliye Matbaasi (1934) (Author unknown).


Halkevlerinin Faaliyet Raporlari Hulasasi. Istanbul: Hakimiyeti Milliye Matbaasi (1936); (Author unknown).


Çetinsaya; Gökhan (2004); “Cumhuriyet TĂŒrkiye’sinde Osmanlicilik” in Modern TĂŒrkiye’de Siyasi DĂŒiĂŒnce: Vol 5. Muhafazakarlik. Murat Belge (ed.). Istanbul: Iletisim Yayimlari; 2004.


Arik; Remzi Oguz (1947); Halkevlerinde MĂŒze; Tarih ve Folklor Çalismalari Kilavuzu. Ankara: C.H.P. Halkevleri Yayimlari.


Atasoy; SĂŒmer (1996); “TĂŒrkiye’de MĂŒzecilik” in Cumhuriyet Dönemi TĂŒrkiye Ansiklopedisi. Istanbul: Iletisim Yayinlari.


Bartu; Ayfer (2001); “Rethinking Heritage Politics in a Global Context: A View from Istanbul” in AlSayyad; Nezar (ed.) Hybrid Urbanism: On the Identity Discourse and the Built Environment. Westport; Conn.: Praeger.


Belge; Murat (1999); Istanbul Gezi Rehberi. Istanbul: Tarih Vakfi Yurt Yayinlari.


Bourdieu; Pierre (1989); “ Social Space and Symbolic Power”; Sociological Theory; Vol.7; No:1.


Dalan; Bedrettin (1986); Haliç Neydi; Ne Oluyor; Ne Olacak. Np.


Duncan; Carol (1995); Civilizing Rituals: Inside Public Art Museums. London; New York: Routledge.


GĂŒr; Asli (2001); “Üç Boyutlu ÖykĂŒler: TĂŒrkiyeli Ziyaretçilerin GözĂŒnden Anadolu Medeniyetleri MĂŒzesi ve Temsil Ettigi Ulusal Kimlik’’ in ÖzyĂŒrek; Esra (ed.); Hatirladiklariyla ve Unuttuklariyla TĂŒrkiye’nin Toplumsal Hafizasi. Istanbul: Iletisim.


Hooper-Greenhill; Eilean (2000); Museums and the Interpretation of Visual Culture. London; New York: Routledge.


Huyssen; Andreas (2000); “Present Pasts: Media; Politics; Amnesia”; Public Culture; Vol.12; No:1.


Lowenthal David; The Past is a Foreign Country; Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; NewYork: Cambridge University Press; 1985.


Madran; Burçak and Sebnem Önal (2000); “Yerellikten KĂŒresellige Uzanan Çizgide Tarihin Çok Paylasimli Vitrinleri: MĂŒzeler ve Sunumlari” in Kizilyaprak; Zeynel Abidin (ed.); Tarih Yazimi ve MĂŒzecilikte Yeni Yaklasimlar: KĂŒresellesme ve Yerellesme: ĂœĂ§ĂŒncĂŒ Uluslararasi Tarih Kongresi. Istanbul: TĂŒrkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfi.


Nora; Pierre (1989); “Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire”; Representations; 26.


ÖzyĂŒrek; Esra (2001); “Cumhuriyetle Nikahlanmak: ‘Üç Kusak Cumhuriyet’ ve ‘Bir Yurttas Yaratmak’ Sergileri” in ÖzyĂŒrek; Esra (ed.) Hatirladiklariyla ve Unuttuklariyla TĂŒrkiye’nin Toplumsal Hafizasi. Istanbul: Iletisim.


Shaw; Wendy M. K. (2004); Osmanli MĂŒzeciligi: MĂŒzeler; Arkeoloji ve Tarihin Görsellestirilmesi Esin Sogancilar (trans). Istanbul: Iletisim.


Smith; Anthony (1999); “History and Modernity: Reflections on the Theory of Nationalism” in Boswell; David and Jessica Evans (eds) Representing the Nation: A reader: Histories; Heritage and Museums. London; New York: Routledge.


Simsek; Sefa (2002); Bir Ideolojik Seferberlik Deneyimi: Halkevleri 1932-1951. Istanbul: Bogaziçi Üniversitesi Yayinevi.


Urry; John (1990); “Gazing On History” in The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies. London: Sage Publications.


Urry; John (1999); “Gazing on History” in Boswell; David and Jessica Evans (eds) Representing the Nation: A Reader: Histories; Heritage and Museums. London; New York: Routledge.


Urry; John (1995) Consuming Places. London; New York: Routledge.


Walsh; Kevin (1992); The Representation of the Past: Museums and Heritage in the Postmodern World. London; New York: Routledge.

NaMu; Making National Museums Program; Setting the Frames; 26-28 February; Norrköping; Sweden

Author:
Secil Yilmaz, V. Safak Uysal
Title:
MiniaTurk: Culture; History; and Memory in Turkey in Post-1980s
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
No citations available at the moment


Responsible for this page: Peter Berkesand
Last updated: 2017-02-21