Article | The 13th International Conference on Thinking Norrköping; Sweden June 17-21; 2007 | How Homo Became Sapiens: On the Evolution of Thinking Linköping University Electronic Press Conference Proceedings
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Title:
How Homo Became Sapiens: On the Evolution of Thinking
Author:
Peter Gärdenfors: Lunds universitet, Sweden
Download:
Video
Year:
2007
Conference:
The 13th International Conference on Thinking Norrköping; Sweden June 17-21; 2007
Issue:
021
Article no.:
017
Publication type:
Abstract and Video
Published:
2008-06-13
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


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Human thinking is unique in many ways; but I will focus on two: One is our capacity to plan for future goals - many animals can plan for present goals; but humans (and maybe the great apes to some extent) can plan for something that contradicts their current needs. The second is our abilities to understand the minds of others - a so called theory of mind. We find mindreading to some extent in other animals; but humans seem to be unique in understanding the beliefs of others. I shall argue that human language depends on these two capacities and it is therefore no wonder that Homo sapiens is the only species with a language. I will then show that these capacities opened up for new forms of cooperation. Advanced forms of cooperation are necessary to create and maintain the culture; societies and technologies that are unique for humans.

The 13th International Conference on Thinking Norrköping; Sweden June 17-21; 2007

Author:
Peter Gärdenfors
Title:
How Homo Became Sapiens: On the Evolution of Thinking
References:
No references available

The 13th International Conference on Thinking Norrköping; Sweden June 17-21; 2007

Author:
Peter Gärdenfors
Title:
How Homo Became Sapiens: On the Evolution of Thinking
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