This is the result of a layering: popular music mediates places as textscapes; soundscapes and landscapes. Song lyrics referring to places make up a band’s textscape. The use of local music tradition; vernacular or typical city noises constitute a band’s soundscape. Finally; the landscape consists of all the visual elements (e.g. covers) referring to the same particular locality. Turning to the regeneration level; it seems important to note that music in itself is ethereal; but its production; circulation and fruition rely on material factors located in cities.
This kind of implementation on the representational and regeneration level could be analysed in Manchester. Since the late 1970s; the local popular music scene has adopted a particular ’cultural sensibility’. Bands such as The Smiths; The Fall; and Joy Division were able to root their poetics in the city; offering a chance to re-imagine it. In the same period; the independent music entrepreneur Tony Wilson developed The HaĂ§ienda FAC 51; which set the trend for the regeneration of a whole district.
This case represents a convincing example of a cultural innovation; which relies on redefining the symbolic value of the city’s architectural and social past.