Article | Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003 | Environmental Research on Munitions at FOI

Title:
Environmental Research on Munitions at FOI
Author:
Joakim Häggvall: Swedish Defence Research Agency, Weapons and Protection, Tumba, Sweden
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2003
Conference:
Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003
Issue:
009
Article no.:
008
Pages:
43–49
No. of pages:
7
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2003-11-07
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


Export in BibTex, RIS or text

The environmental constraint on all activity in society increases. Conventional munition is not an exception and there is a rising need for new methods to evaluate and to limit the effect that munition has on the environment. This is the subject of a number of research projects at FOI in Sweden. The range of these projects is wide and varies from theoretical studies to the actual measurements at site. This presentation will cover two of these projects.

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a tool to examine the environmental impact of a service or a product over its whole life cycle. In LCA; data is collected from the cradle to the grave for a specific service or product. Using databases and evaluation codes; a picture of the environmental impact is drawn. Hereby; the life cycle part responsible for the most severe environmental impact can be identified; and comparison can be made between different impact sources and other systems. The study also includes the use of a simplified LCA called the MECO method. The MECO is a much faster method but it does not include all the data that a qualitative LCA does. The goals of the project are to get an idea of the impact of the munitions’ life cycle; to see which part/parts have the most severe environmental impact and to see if the qualitative and the simplified LCA differ in result.

The need for new demilitarization methods is accentuated these days; especially the reuse of higher value explosives. Here; the driving force is not only environmental; but also economical. The project aims at the reuse of HMX and RDX. Especially; already available methods are evaluated for different RDX or HMX containing explosives. The examined methods originate from TPL Inc and from Nexplo AB. The project aims to look at how well the selected methods fulfil current and future Swedish needs.

Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003

Author:
Joakim Häggvall
Title:
Environmental Research on Munitions at FOI
References:

Bofors defence AB (2002); Manufacturing standards for L/70 PFHE II.


Demex Consulting Engineers A/S (2000). A study into the Demilitarisation of Advanced Conventional Munitions; Part 2. Royal Ordnance PLC.


Edesgård and Eriksson (1999). Miljöanpassad Produktutveckling; Livscykelanalys på 40/48 kulsgr 95LK(3P). Examensarbete. Karlstad universitet.


Finnveden; G.; Johansson; J.; Lind; P.; and Moberg; Ă…. (2000). Life Cycle Assessment of Energy from Solid Waste .fms report.


Guinée; J B; Gorrée M; Heijungs R; Huppes G; Klejn R; Koning A de; Oers L van; Wegener Sleeswijk A; Suh S; Udo de Haes H A; Brujin H de; Duin R van and Huijbrects M A J (2001): Life cycle assessment; An operational guide to the ISO standards; Dordrecht; Kluwer Academic Publishers.


Hochschorner; E.; Finnveden; G.; and Johansson; J. (2002). Utvärdering av två förenklade metoder för livscykelanalyser: FOI).


ISO. (1997). Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework.


ISO. (1998). Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Goal and scope definition and inventory analysis: International Organisation for Standardisation).


ISO. (2000a). Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Life Cycle Impact Assessment: International organisation for Standardisation).


ISO. (2000b). Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Life Cycle Interpretation: International organisation for Standardisation).


Miljøstyrelsen. (2000a). Listen over farlige stoffer (Denmark: Miljø- og Energiministeriet).


Miljøstyrelsen. (2000b). Effektlisten 2000 (Denmark: Miljø- og Energiministeriet).


Miljøstyrelsen. (2000c). Listen over uønskede stoffer; En signalliste over kemikalier; hvor brugen på laengere sigt bør reduceres eller stoppes (Denmark: Miljø- og Energiministeriet).


Pommer K.; Bech P.; Wenzel H.; Caspersen N.; and Olsen S. I. (2001). Håndbog i miljøvurdering af produkter -en enkel metode. In Miljønyt Nr. 58 2001: Miljøstyrelsen; Miljø- og Energiministeriet; pp. 187.


PRĂ©. (2001). SimaPro 5 User Manual: PRĂ© Consultants B.V; Amersfoort; The Netherlands.


Wenzel; H. (1998). Application Dependency of LCA Methodology: Key Variables and Their Mode of Influencing the Method. International Journal of LCA 3; 281-288.


Phillips R.S; Cain A.W; Schilling T.J; Miks M.W (1998); Recovering nitroamines and reformulation of by-products; US patent no 6;063;960.


Tompa A.S; French D.M; White B.R; Breakdown of solid propellant and explosives; recovery of nitramines (1983); US patent no 4;389;265.


Nyqvist J (2000); Method for working up mixed explosives; US patent no 6;013;794; SE patent nr 9500280.


Hägvall J (2002); Methods for Reuse of Higher Value Explosives; (SV); FOI-R--0638—SE.

Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003

Author:
Joakim Häggvall
Title:
Environmental Research on Munitions at FOI
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
No citations available at the moment