The Copyright Law gives artist, authors, composers and other persons who have created a work, the right to decide over their work and the use of it. Copyright starts when the work is created and is valid during the copyright owners whole life and for 70 years after the copyright holder dies. Copyright also regulates the possibilities for re-distributing a work i.e. to reuse somebody’s figures in your own work (differing) from plagiarism which is about intentional, or unintentional, presentation of a work or idea as your own newly created contribution. To refer to somebody else’s photo, which you use in your publication, is enough to not be regarded as plagiarism but is not necessarily enough from a copyright perspective. You must always have the copyright holders permission before you reuse somebody else’s work.
Copyright Protected Materials
Examples of copyright-protected material include fiction, written text, speech, computer programmes, music, theatrical work, film, photo, graphical work or other products of visual arts, products of architecture or works of applied arts, or maps.
Copyright is carried out not only on the complete work but also parts of it. This means, for example, that figures in a document are as equally protected as the whole document.
The above mentioned is valid independently of media and the same rules are valid for material collected from the Internet as for printed material. Reuse of somebody else’s work and publishing it on the Internet, is not different form publishing it in a printed document.
The Copyright symbol (©)
The Copyright symbol (©) is often used making it more clear for the reader that the work is copyright protected. In Sweden has the symbol no legal meaning. It is enough on the title page to write "This work is protected according to the copyright law (URL 1960:729)" to make it clear that the work is copyright protected (although this is not necessary).
Creative Commons (CC) started within the music business. With CC one can share the complete or parts of a work, copy, distribute, edit, remix (music) i.e. rewrite or add text. Clear references to the main source must be given.
Linköping University Electronic Press use a Creative Commons licensing system. Readers may download, read, distribute and use material from published publication on LiU E-press for non-commercial use only as long as they give complete attribution to the authors i.e. full reference to the author and the original publication.
We are more than happy to answer questions or come to your course/research group/department... to give a 30 minutes information session: ask us.