Parallel Publishing at LiU E-Press:

One way to increase citation frequency

The Future of Academic Publishing: Parallel Publishing

The reality of the 21st century is that in the academic world, universities and researchers are going to be evaluated through measures of how often their work is cited. Hence, for a researcher to improve his/her standing will require, in part, increasingly strategic choice of journals in which to publish articles; journals which are read closely by peers in the field who are likely to have use for one’s results and hence are highly likely to cite them. Beyond this however, it has been shown by a number of studies (see references below) over the last five years that the more accessible an article is (i.e. Open Access, or freely available to anyone with an internet connection) the more it is cited (on average, often by a factor of two or more). There are many Open Access journals in existence (the DOAJ has a full list), however, many researchers are still more comfortable publishing with the traditional commercial journals. The solution to this is parallel publishing, or making a reviewed, published article available in full text on an institutional web site (e.g. LiU E-Press). According to, 90% of commercial publishers (e.g. Elsevier, Taylor-Francis, Springer…) allow this automatically, without the author needing to ask permission (a full list of what is allowed by many journals has been compiled by Sherpa . In most cases authors may publish at LiU E-Press a non-formatted version of their article (i.e. the author’s last version of an article but not the final proofs from the publisher). A full citation to the original article should be given, together with a direct link to the commercial version. In a small number of cases there is an embargo period, whereby the article cannot be made publicly available until after, e.g., 6 months. All of this is handled at LiU E-Press.

To parallel publish a research article at LiU E-Press takes only a few minutes. Send the last draft of the article prior to the publisher’s proofs to E-Post We will double check what is allowed by the journal you have published in. If you have any questions, hesitations or doubts, please contact us: E-Post

LiU E-Press is indexed with many of the common search engines (e.g. Google, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science, Scopus) and so the full text of an article becomes readily accessible to a very wide audience. It is through this open access that work is spread and consequently, increasingly cited.


  1. Eysenbach, Gunther. “Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles”, PLoS Biology, 4(5): e157, 2006. Available at (2007-10-22).
  2. Geist, Michael. “Push for Open Access to Research”, BBC, 28 Feb., 2007.  Available at (2007-10-22).
  3. Lawrence, S. “Free Online Availability Substantially Increases a Papers’s Impact”, Nature (411) 521, 2001. Available at 10.1038/35079151 (2007-10-22) (Requires subscription).
  4. Sandewall, Erik. “Commentarium on Open Access to Research”, 2006. Available at (2007-10-22).
  5. “The effect of open access and downloads ('hits') on citation impact: a bibliography of studies”, The Open Citation Project. Available at (2007-10-22).